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These long-lasting effects aren’t limited to nuclear testing. They are the same horrors that afflicted victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. But what the rest of us should know, and need to know, is that the nuclear threat has only grown more dangerous.
Today marks an important milestone in our fight to eliminate the nuclear threat. Five years ago when the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution to declare August 29 the International Day Against Nuclear Tests, they said that “the end of nuclear tests is one of the key means of achieving the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world,” reminding us that there is still much more work to be done.
The truth is, as long as nuclear weapons exist, we are not safe. The human and environmental devastation caused by nuclear weapons — whether by testing, mistake or malice — is the very reason we need to eliminate them altogether. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, which in 1996 set out to ban nuclear tests, is an important step, but we need to do more — and we can.
With political will and public pressure, we can achieve a world without these weapons of mass destruction. Just 10 days ago, we saw all of Syria’s chemical weapons destroyed because of bold leadership and effective diplomacy. And as I write this, the U.S. and other P5+1 leaders are amidst talks with Iran on a final end to the Iranian nuclear-weapons impasse. What we need now is intense public pressure. We must hold leaders accountable and demand a safer future.
Global Zero, the international movement to eliminate nuclear weapons, is spearheading the effort to put this critical human-rights issue at the top of the public and political agenda. Their activists are hitting the streets with bold action, pushing world leaders to make this an urgent priority. In fact, earlier this month on the anniversary of the bombing of Nagasaki, Global Zero turned out more than 400 activists in a global day of action that spanned three continents, five countries and seven cities to commemorate one of the world’s most shattering tragedies and to demand progress toward a world without nuclear weapons.
Old Global leader Henry Kissinger on the Assembly of a New World Order The concept that has underpinned the modern geopolitical era is in crisis
To play a responsible role in the evolution of a 21st-century world order, the U.S. must be prepared to answer a number of questions for itself: What do we seek to prevent, no matter how it happens, and if necessary alone? What do we seek to achieve, even if not supported by any multilateral effort? What do we seek to achieve, or prevent, only if supported by an alliance? What should we not engage in, even if urged on by a multilateral group or an alliance? What is the nature of the values that we seek to advance? And how much does the application of these values depend on circumstance?
By HENRY KISSINGER
The concept of order that has underpinned the modern era is in crisis, writes Henry Kissinger. Above, a pro-Russian fighter stands guard at a checkpoint close to Donetsk, Ukraine in July. European Pressphoto Agency
Libya is in civil war, fundamentalist armies are building a self-declared caliphate across Syria and Iraq and Afghanistan’s young democracy is on the verge of paralysis. To these troubles are added a resurgence of tensions with Russia and a relationship with China divided between pledges of cooperation and public recrimination. The concept of order that has underpinned the modern era is in crisis.
The search for world order has long been defined almost exclusively by the concepts of Western societies. In the decades following World War II, the U.S.—strengthened in its economy and national confidence—began to take up the torch of international leadership and added a new dimension. A nation founded explicitly on an idea of free and representative governance, the U.S. identified its own rise with the spread of liberty and democracy and credited these forces with an ability to achieve just and lasting peace. The traditional European approach to order had viewed peoples and states as inherently competitive; to constrain the effects of their clashing ambitions, it relied on a balance of power and a concert of enlightened statesmen. The prevalent American view considered people inherently reasonable and inclined toward peaceful compromise and common sense; the spread of democracy was therefore the overarching goal for international order. Free markets would uplift individuals, enrich societies and substitute economic interdependence for traditional international rivalries. Read the rest of this entry »
१६ Annual Tuborg ईमेज अवार्डको मनोनयनमा आशिष श्रेष्ठको साङीतिक एल्बम “नेपाली बन्धना “को गीत “नेपालीको आखा भरि” सर्वोत्कृष्ट राष्ट्रिय भावनाले अभिप्रेरित सुगम सङीत बिधामा मनोनयनमा परेको छ। यस बिधामा बिजेता बनाउन एस एम एस भोटिङ एस प्रकार छ। Aashis Shrestha’s musical album “NEPALI BANDANA” ‘S SONG “Nepaliko Aakha Bhari” has been nominated in the 16 Annual Tuborg Image Award in the category Best song for national feeling to make him the winner
A Russian crime ring has amassed the largest known collection of stolen Internet credentials, including 1.2 billion user name and password combinations and more than 500 million email addresses, security researchers say.
The records, discovered by Hold Security, a firm in Milwaukee, include confidential material gathered from 420,000 websites, including household names, and small Internet sites. Hold Security has a history of uncovering significant hacks, including the theft last year of tens of millions of records from Adobe Systems.
“Hackers did not just target U.S. companies, they targeted any website they could get, ranging from Fortune 500 companies to very small websites,” said Alex Holden, the founder and chief information security officer of Hold Security. “And most of these sites are still vulnerable.” Read the rest of this entry »
An early visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Kathmandu will offer an opportunity to remove the accumulated cobwebs of mistrust between the two neighbours and focus on future potential
No two neighbouring countries enjoy a more intimate and a more complex relationship than India and Nepal. India is where Nepalis come to study, work, spend holidays, plan weddings, invest in a second home; yet, India is also blamed for being insensitive, for meddling in Nepal’s internal affairs and often, for taking Nepal for granted.
Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj’s maiden visit to Nepal this week will be keenly watched, especially as it lays the groundwork for an early visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. A high-level Indian visit is long overdue; after I.K. Gujral in 1997, only Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee has visited Nepal, in 2002 for a SAARC summit. There have been several visits by Nepal’s Prime Ministers and its President Ram Baran Yadav since. A Modi visit offers an opportunity to focus on future potential and remove some of the accumulated cobwebs of mistrust. Read the rest of this entry »
19th July, 2014 Sydney, Deepashree Shah: Anupam Kiran from Melbourne and Aarzoo Karki from the host city Sydney bagged Mr and Miss Nepal Australia 2014. United Nepalese Arts and Entertainment (UNAE), an organisation based in Sydney has been organising many events for the past 4 years and its one of the popular events is Mr and Miss Nepal Australia, a beauty pageant where they hunt youth talent and nurture them to: Read the rest of this entry »
10. Brazil > Military expenditure: $36.2 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.4% (tied, 62nd lowest) > 1-yr. spending change: -3.9% (26th lowest) > Total arms imports: $254 million (24th highest) > Total arms exports: $36 million (12th lowest)
Perhaps due to strong oil revenue, which can help bolster military spending without the need for unpopular tax hikes, Brazil’s military spending, along with many other developing nations, increased dramatically in the 2000s. In recent years, however, Brazil’s military spending has leveled off somewhat, decreasing by nearly 4% last year. The socioeconomic conditions in Brazil may account for some of its more than $36 billion military budget in 2013. The Brazilian military is often used to help keep order inside the country, especially in the favelas. These sprawling, impoverished neighborhoods are typically crime-ridden and often ruled by local drug lords rather than the nation’s formal laws. Similar conditions and ongoing drug cartel-related violence can be seen in several Central American countries where military spending has continued to rise in recent years.
9. India > Military expenditure: $49.1 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.5% (31st highest) > 1-yr. spending change: -0.7% (46th lowest) > Total arms imports: $5.6 billion (the highest) > Total arms exports: $10 million (10th lowest)
India has been among the world’s foremost arms importers for decades. The country continued to expand and modernize its military in 2013, importing $5.6 billion worth of arms. This drove military expenditures to account for 2.5% of GDP in 2013, among the higher proportions worldwide. High military spending was likely due to ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan that threatens the stability and welfare of people in both countries. While the country invests large amounts of money in its military, per capita GDP in India is among the lowest worldwide.
8. Germany > Military expenditure: $49.3 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.4% (tied, 62nd lowest) > 1-yr. spending change: 0.0% (53rd lowest) > Total arms imports: $129 million (36th highest) > Total arms exports: $972 million (6th highest)
Germany’s estimated GDP per capita was more than $40,000 last year. As one of the world’s strongest economies, Germany has the means to maintain a well-supplied military. But while Germany spent among the most in nominal terms, its military expenditure accounted for just 1.4% of its GDP, one of the lower proportions. Since World War II, Germany has maintained a relatively passive role in global military affairs. However, like a majority of high-spending nations, particularly those in the West, Germany was one of the world’s top exporters of military goods. Germany exported an estimated $972 million in military supplies in 2013, more than all but a handful of countries. In addition, while most European countries cut military spending as part of their severe austerity measures, Germany increased its military expenditure by 2% between 2008 and last year.
7. United Kingdom > Military expenditure: $56.2 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.3% (34th highest) > 1-yr. spending change: -2.6% (34th lowest) > Total arms imports: $438 million (15th highest) > Total arms exports: $1.4 billion (5th highest)
Despite deep cuts to military expenditures after a defense review in 2010, U.K. military spending was still among the highest worldwide. Prime Minister David Cameron began implementing fiscal austerity measures, including military spending cuts, shortly after he took office in mid-2010. Critics of Cameron’s efforts suggest that further military cuts will make the U.K. less reliable to its allies. Despite the cuts, military expenditure comprised 2.3% of GDP in 2013, one of the higher proportions worldwide. Additionally, the U.K. was the fifth largest arms exporter in 2013, providing $1.4 billion of arms to foreign allies.
6. Japan > Military expenditure: $59.4 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.0% (31st lowest) > 1-yr. spending change: -0.2% (52nd lowest) > Total arms imports: $145 million (34th highest) > Total arms exports: N/A
A recently ignited territorial dispute with China in the East China Sea pushed Japan to increase its military budget in 2013 for the first time in more than 10 years. While Japan’s 2013 budget called for a 0.8% increase in military spending, total military expenditure remained fixed at 1% of GDP. As is often the case, an increase in military spending means reduced funding in other areas. In the case of Japan, high military spending may affect the country’s ability to bring down its national debt, which stood at 243% of GDP in 2013, the highest worldwide. By contrast, U.S. debt levels — which have come under political scrutiny in recent years — were at 104% of GDP in 2013.
5. France > Military expenditure: $62.3 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.2% (39th highest) > 1-yr. spending change: -2.3% (35th lowest) > Total arms imports: $43 million (55th highest) > Total arms exports: $1.5 billion (4th highest)
Like much of Western Europe, France’s military expenditure has fallen in recent years. France spent nearly $70 billion in 2009, versus more $62 billion last year. This decrease, however, was relatively small given the country’s weak economic growth and implementation of the austerity measures after the global economic crisis. France passed the Military Programming Law in 2013, which aims to keep the current level of military spending through 2019. France exported nearly $1.5 billion in military goods last year, more than all but three other countries. French arms exports have historically ended up in Africa, where France maintains ties with many of its former colonies.
4. Saudi Arabia > Military expenditure: $62.8 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 9.3% (2nd highest) > 1-yr. spending change: 14.3% (16th highest) > Total arms imports: $1.5 billion (4th highest) > Total arms exports: N/A
Situated in an increasingly unstable region, Saudi Arabia hiked its military budget by 14.3% in 2013. Saudi neighbors include Iraq and Yemen, which are currently in turmoil. Saudi Arabia has also had historically poor relations with another neighbor, Iran, which could become an even bigger threat if it acquires nuclear capabilities. The large increase in military outlays is likely a direct response to these threats. The House of Saud aims to replace its current 20-year old weapon stores, including a heavy investment in missile defense systems. Like many of the countries with the biggest military budgets, Saudi Arabia benefits from one of the world’s largest oil reserves. At 9.3%, the country’s spending as a percentage of GDP was second only to Oman, another oil-rich nation in the Middle East.
3. Russia > Military expenditure: $84.9 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 4.1% (10th highest) > 1-yr. spending change: 4.8% (48th highest) > Total arms imports: $148 million (33rd highest) > Total arms exports: $8.3 billion (the highest)
Russia leads the rest of the world in military exports, with more than $8 billion worth last year, well above the U.S.’s $6.2 billion in exports. While total military spending in Russia remains a fraction of what it was in the late 1980s, it has been on the rise in recent years as a result of Russia’s involvement in various regional conflicts. With the more recent ongoing Crimean crisis, this spending trend may likely continue. The country’s military expenditure was roughly $85 billion last year compared to just $64.5 billion in 2009. Russia now spends 4.1% of its GDP on its military, exceeding that of the U.S. for the first time in over a decade. The dramatic increase is likely due in part to Russia’s stated plans to invest more than $700 billion to modernize its weapons system by 2020. According to some onlookers, making these improvements may be difficult given Russia’s low birth rates, poverty and lingering soviet-era corruption problems.
2. China > Military expenditure: $171.4 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.0% (45th highest) > 1-yr. spending change: 7.4% (36th highest) > Total arms imports: $1.5 billion (3rd highest) > Total arms exports: $1.8 billion (3rd highest)
Military spending often mirrors economic growth, and this is especially true in China where military spending has increased in each of the past five years roughly in line with economic growth. Military expenditure grew 7.4% last year alone, far more than any other country in the region, and among the larger annual growths worldwide. The value of China’s military exports trails only the U.S. and Russia, at around $1.8 billion last year. Unlike most other countries, China imported nearly as much in military goods as it exported, at $1.5 billion last year. According to Dr. Perlo-Freeman, a combination of increased Chinese military spending and rising regional tensions have encouraged higher military expenditures among neighboring countries like Vietnam, the Philippines and Japan.
1. United States > Military expenditure: $618.7 billion > Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 3.8% (14th highest) > 1-yr. spending change: -7.8% (12th lowest) > Total arms imports: $759 million (8th highest) > Total arms exports: $6.2 billion (2nd highest)
The $619 billion military expenditure in the U.S. nearly outpaced the combined spending of every other country on this list in 2013. At the start of 2013, the U.S. had nearly 8,000 nuclear warheads in reserve. Since 2001, U.S. defense spending has risen from $287 billion to $530 billion. In recent years, however, U.S. military outlays fell from 4.8% of GDP in 2009 to 3.8% in 2013. Reduction in military expenditures was due to a greater emphasis on fiscal austerity and the winding down of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. In fact, military expenditure fell nearly 6% in 2012, followed by a 7.8% reduction in 2013. Despite efforts to curtail the size of the military, the U.S. supplied nearly $6.2 billion in arms to foreign allies, a figure second only to Russia. The U.S. was also a large arms importer, bringing in $759 million worth of arms, among the higher rates worldwide.
Nikola Tesla was born in the middle of a lightning storm 158 years ago today. The 20th century visionary competed with Thomas Edison and had a long list of inventions to his name: the Tesla coil, alternating current electricity, an electric motor, radio, X-rays and envisioning of the first smartphone technology in 1901.
One of Tesla’s most ambitious projects was Wardenclyffe Tower on Long Island, New York. Tesla envisioned a 187-foot tall tower that would transmit free electricity across the Atlantic, with no wires.
But J.P. Morgan, Tesla’s then-business partner, cut off funding for the project before it could be completed and tested. Tesla sought European funders, but the Wardenclyffe Tower was never fully operational. It was demolished in 1917.
Today, two Russian physicists — brothers Leonid and Sergey Plekhanov — are raising money to resurrect Tesla’s ambitious project, Reuters reports. After scrutinizing Tesla’s diaries and plans, the Plekhanovs believe that with modern solar panels, lighter building materials and $800,000, they can rebuild Wardenclyffe Tower.
“We’ve conducted the fundamental research studies, implemented the computational models and designed all the parts of the experiment. We will be able to perform energy transmission and measure the results. Will it be ‘global’ as Tesla suggested? Based on the research that we’ve already done – we believe it will be, and we going to prove it experimentally,” the scientists wrote.
The Plekhanovs’ research estimates that an approximately 38,000 square mile installation of solar panels in a desert near the equator could generate enough power to serve the world’s electricity needs. Tesla’s tower could deliver that energy to consumers, but the only way to test the concept is to build it and find out, they say.
The brothers are raising funds for the project via an IndieGogo kickstarter campaign. As of this publication, they have raised over $33,000, or about 4 percent of their goal. (For a donation of $750, you can have your name engraved on the tower when it is finished.)
Critics say there are numerous engineering flaws to the brothers’ plan. Solar panels are still costly, and some estimate that the proposed solar panel field would cost $20 trillion — and that’s without the transmitting tower.
Vector; it is a path defined by what you do and why you do it. By indicating your direction, it helps you define your available options. Like an old-fashioned newspaper reporter, your identity helps you sharpen your answers to the 6 Ws: Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How.” He further writes identity is a “dirty word, which goes hand in hand with the word “politics”; a divisive tool used by politicians to win voters by appealing to religious or ethnic affiliations.
“Identity” has become somewhat of a dirty word, especially in Silicon Valley circles. In many minds, the word “identity” goes hand in hand with the word “politics”; a divisive tool used by politicians to win voters by appealing to religious or ethnic affiliations.
I agree that challenging someone’s identity can trigger defensiveness, but the answer isn’t to pretend that identity doesn’t exist.
Identity is a core and unavoidable part of all our lives. Our actions shape our identity, and in turn, our identity shapes our actions. Trying to pretend that identity doesn’t matter may make you feel better about yourself, but it won’t affect how others see you, and how their perceptions shape their actions. Read the rest of this entry »
That evening, Indian Defence minister Fernandes had hosted a reception in honour of the participants of the conference. When I met in the reception, he was little bit furious and adamant to his statement. We had arguments. I said ‘Buddha was born in Nepal’ but he said ‘Buddha was born in India.’ I asked him ‘’who told you and how did you know Buddha was born in India’’, he said me ‘’had read since his childhood that Buddha was born in Northern India.’’ I told him if you read UN documents then you will know the real fact. I was so infuriated that I said little bit loudly: ‘’ Do you know ‘’U Thant?’’ You should know UN Secretary General from Asia? Then he said ‘’ Why not.’’
So you must be aware that there is UN project in Lumbini which is in Nepal since the time of U Thant. When I repeatedly said UN Project then he seemed to be convinced, and felt embarrassed. I arranged an interview with him for next morning in the same hotel where we were staying. When we sat for interview, I asked the same question to him like a teacher repeatedly asks a same question to a weak student. Later he corrected saying ‘Buddha was born in Nepal.’
Famous poet Sir Edwin Arnold to UN official say Buddha was born in India distorting the fact and hurting the sentiment of millions of Nepali around the globe. However, I had the opportunity to persuade a senior UN official to make him understand and acknowledge that ‘’ Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal.’’ Read the rest of this entry »
There are few joys quite like turning an everyday sidewalk into a gaping cave cascading with rainbow waterfalls. To achieve such an uncanny phenomenon, you can either experiment with some seriously hallucinogenic substances, or stumble across the visual treasure trove that is three-dimensional chalk art.
In the past few years the grassroots art form of 3D chalk has become a medium to be reckoned with. As the visual amalgamation of optical illusions, hyperrealism and public street art, the accessible technique appeals to pretty much everyone. Aside from its hypnotic affect and impressive technique, chalk art rules because the subject matter can truly be anything. Take a look at our roundup below, which includes everything from a giant snail to a game of Pac-Man. Just try and tell us this isn’t the most democratic, and psychedelic, art form out there.
Behold, 11 truly awesome works of 3D chalk art to bring out the weird kid inside.
This post is in partnership with Inc., which offers useful advice, resources and insights to entrepreneurs and business owners. The article below was originally published atInc.com.
Have you noticed there are people who always seem to be more likable?
In a recent episode of the new ABC drama Mind Games, one of the characters mentions an interesting personality trait that defines the most popular people: they more readily admit their weaknesses rather than waiting for them to be revealed over time. The show is about using cunning tricks to manipulate others and ensure a positive outcome, so it’s a bit ridiculous, but there’s truth in the observation.
In the office, it’s possible to exhibit traits that help you to be more likable. In my years as a corporate manager and developing my writing career, I’ve noticed when people appear more likable and I’ve tried to develop these traits myself. Here’s a few to cultivate.
1. Ask questions.
I’ve noticed people who ask questions are often well-liked. It’s human nature to be helpful and we all have a great desire to share what we know. When someone appears to need our help, we tend to like them more because we like being the one who provides the answers.
2. Talk more, not less.
A friend of mine is a small business owner and he is extremely well liked. One of his strongest traits is that he tends to talk constantly. You never have to guess what he’s thinking. He’s not blunt or rude, but he explains things in detail. (Being an introvert, I need to develop this trait more in myself–and use texting and e-mail a little less often.)
3. Give your time…gratis.
A no-strings-attached approach to helping others also makes you more likable. Think of the person you like the most–usually, it’s someone who will help you with the copier machine or is willing to read through your business proposal in a pinch. Of course, those who help just to be liked always reveal a manipulative trait, so make sure you’re genuine.
4. Listen better.
I mentioned how talkers tend to be more likable, and that’s true. Sometimes, over-communicating puts people at ease. But it’s also important to pause once in a while and listen. Good communicators take a breath once in a while! Likable people are always listeners who are curious to (genuinely) learn new things. The best communicators talk and talk–and then listen for a response. That makes them an office favorite.
5. Really and truly care.
How do you develop the personality trait of caring? It can be difficult, especially in an age of social media where everyone is dangerously close to being a narcissist. Caring is an act of setting aside your own interests and ambitions for a while and helping others. It requires effort. You have to consciously decide you are going to care about someone else. When you do, and you are genuine about it, you’ll find that more people will like you.
6. Admit it, you don’t know everything.
We all know how important it is to steer clear of the office know-it-all. Why is that? Part of the reason is we know that person won’t ask for our help, and we like to be helpful. More importantly, those who have all of the answers are usually pushing their own agenda. In their conceited attitude, they exhibit a sense of pride that’s not attractive to anyone.
7. Go for the laugh, every time.
It’s hard to hate a jokester or someone who has a carefree approach to life. Usually, the most-liked people are those that can fill a room with laughter. It might not be in your nature to joke around, and that’s okay. Just make sure you are ready to see the humor in something. Be someone who can laugh easily and smile often. You’ll win people over.
8. Lighten up.
I will admit to struggling with this one. I’m a serious person with serious concerns! (Most of the time.) But it’s better to see the big picture in life. Really serious people are essentially acting selfish because they focus too much on their personal issues. Highly likable people at work are those who can set aside their concerns and go with the flow. They’re selfless.
9. Don’t be pushy.
Here’s an interesting one–and difficult trait to master. I went on a road trip with someone a few years ago, and I remember how he told me he doesn’t have highly distinct tastes. What does that really mean? For starters, he’s not that selfish and won’t push his preferences–he’ll go to lunch at any restaurant and listen to any form of music. He’s flexible. That makes him likable because he will adjust to the situation.
10. Admit your weaknesses.
That character on the show Mind Games is right: Admitting weaknesses makes you more likable. People figure them out on their own anyway. Of course, it’s important not to act like a victim or share your problems with everyone you meet. At work, it’s okay to go into a meeting and lead with the challenges you face. People are more likely to suggest a few solutions, come to your aid, and even pat you on the back.