Nepal – the country of the Buddha and the Mt. Everest

Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without – Buddha

Archive for January, 2010

Kids Programme clips

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 27, 2010

Kavitaram facilitates children’s workshop in Ashford

Kavitaram facilitated Children’s Literature Workshop in Woking

Posted in कथा (Story) | Leave a Comment »

संबेदनशील बिषयहरुमा सरकारी मौनताले उब्जाएका प्रश्नहरु

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 25, 2010

By  रामकुमार श्रेष्ठ

राष्ट्र र राष्ट्रियता एकार्काका परिपूरक हुन । बिना राष्ट्र राष्ट्रियताको अस्तित्व रहन्न भने कमजोर राष्ट्रियता सहितको राष्ट्र जीर्ण रोगी जस्तै हो र समयमा नै सो रोग निराकरणतर्फ यथोचित कार्यतत्परता नदर्शाइएको खण्डमा सो राष्ट्रको अस्तित्व कुनै पनि बेला समाप्त पनि हुन सक्छ अथवा त्यस्तो अवस्था नआए तापनि मुलुक ठूलो समस्याको भुमरीमा पर्न सक्छ । यस्तो अवस्था मूलत: प्रतिकूल आर्थिक एबं भू-राजनीतिक अबस्था र बलियाले कमजोर अवस्थामा रहेकहरुको साधन र श्रोतमाथि आधिपात्य जमाउन खोज्दा अथवा त्यस किसिमको रणनीति लिंदा सिर्जना हुने गर्दछ । अलि सम्पन्नले आफूभन्दा कमजोरको कमजोरीको फायदा लिएर आफ्नो अनुकूलको वातावरण सिर्जना गर्न हरेक संभाबित संभावनाहरुलाई अपनाउने सामान्य मानवीय स्वभाब सामान्यत जहाँ पनि देखिन्छ र यही नियम राष्ट्र राष्ट्र बीच पनि उत्तिकै लागु हुने गर्दछ । कमजोर पक्षको कमजोरीको फायदा लिने यस किसिमको स्वाभाबिक प्रकृयामा कमजोर पक्षमा स्वाभिमानको अभाब भएकाहरुको हाबी बढी भएमा सम्पन्नहरुको अरु थप चलखेलले अनुकूल वातावरण पाउनु स्वाभाबिक हो । यस किसिमको अवस्थामा कमजोर पक्ष झन झन कमजोर हुँदै जाने संभावना प्रवल हुँदै जान्छ शक्ति सन्तुलनका खातिर बिशेष शक्ति र बातावरण तयार नहुँदासम्म । Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in लेख/ रचना /निबन्ध | Leave a Comment »

“गिती कविता”

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 22, 2010

गीता थापा (दोषी)

हाल ईजरायल

नेपालले बली माग्छ भने चढाइ देऊ मेरो बली

म मरेर मेरो नेपाल हाँसेर बाँच्छ भने भोली

प्राणभन्दा प्यारो मेरो नेपाल सधैं छ मलाई

मेरो चाहना अपूर्ण नेपाली मिलेको हेर्ने मलाई

कामना मेरो अमर भइ बाँचोस उच्च सगरमाथा

बोकेर मेरै नेपालीको बहादुरीताको सुन्दर गाथा

भविष्य कोरेर भोलिको नेपालको सबले माया गरे

फल्नेछ मोती नेपालमा नै’ सबै मिलेर सेवा गरे

एउटा हात र एउटा मनले चाहेर हुदैन केही यहाँ

सयौ हात सयौ मन एक भए पुग्छ,चाहेको यहाँ

नेपालले बली माग्छ भने चढाइ देउँ मेरो बली

म मरेर मेरो नेपाल हाँसेर बाँच्छ भने भोली



Posted in गीत/कबिता/गजल | Leave a Comment »

OPINION: Anti-India feelings – Demand for Greater Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 22, 2010

From India News Online

Article shared Abdul Kalam Ezani

The anti-India sentiment triggered by Bollywood film Chandni Chowk to China which was banned in Nepal [because it claimed Buddha was born in India and not Nepal] has stoked fresh demands for the recovery of the land acceded to India by Nepal nearly two centuries ago. As India celebrated its 60th Republic Day on Jan. 26, students staged a noisy protest outside the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu asking for the restoration of Greater Nepal. Led by a Nepali literature professor, Phanindra Nepal, the United Nepal National Front is asking India and Britain to separate certain areas from four Indian States and return them to Nepal since they were part of Nepal’s territory in the 19th century. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article | Leave a Comment »

नदेख नलेख भन्नेहरु

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 19, 2010

-होमर श्रेष्ठ

ए नयनलाई नदेख भन्नेहरु
ए कलमलाई नलेख भन्नेहरु
खै म हजुरहरुलाई
कुन भाषामा सम्बोधन गरुँ !
हिउँदको बर्फिलो मौसम
जमेको खयरमसी
वासन्ती उत्सवसँगै पग्लिएको छ
तरङ्गित भइरहेछ श्वेत कागजमा
लाखौँ सशक्त वर्ण बनेर Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in गीत/कबिता/गजल | Leave a Comment »

Leaflet for distribution on Indian expansionist threat to Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 15, 2010

Indian expansionist threat to Nepal’s  sovereignty and territorial integrity

Nepalese people residing abroad would like to draw your attention on the following issues: 1) the encroachment of Nepalese land by the Indian authorities in several districts bordering India and the displacement of people following the encroachment. 2) The inundations of Nepalese land as a result of the construction of embankments and dams by India near the border thus violating international conventions.

The deployment of the Indian Border Special Force (Sima Sasastra Bal-SSB) in the encroachment of Nepalese land and the harassment of the Nepalese people living in Nepalese territory close to the border with India has long been an issue plaguing the relationship between the peoples of the two countries. The Indian border security forces stationed at Kalapani  have for long enforced the settlement of Indian civilians in the Nepalese districts of Dang, Nawalparasi, Bara and several other bordering districts. This is nothing less than annexation of Nepalese territories by stealth. Recently, Nepalese people from bordering villages in Dang district have been forcibly driven out from their homes. We strongly condemn the invasion and occupation of Nepalese land by  India and the displacement of the Nepalese people from the bordering villages. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Miscellaneous | 2 Comments »

वेलायत बन्ददेखि नेपाल बन्दसम्म र कर्तब्य बोधको प्रश्न

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 15, 2010

By रामकुमार श्रेष्ठ

वारंबारको नेपाल बन्दका कारण वाक्क हुन परेका नेपालीहरुको लागि वेलायत बन्दको प्रसंगले खासै आस्चर्य चकित नतुल्याउला र पनि गत हप्ता भएको आधुनिक देशहरुमध्येमा गणना हुने वेलायतको बन्दले साँच्चै अनौठो किसिमले आस्चर्य चकित हुनु पर्ने परिस्थिति सिर्जना गर्‍यो । बन्दको कारण भने नेपालमा झैं राजनीतिक पार्टीहरु नभएर प्रकृति थियो । गत हप्ता वेलायतमा भएको अत्यधिक हिमपातका कारण जन जीवन सोंच्दै नसोचेको किसिमले अस्त ब्यस्त भएको थियो र भनिन्छ यस्तो हिमपात २० बर्षपछि पहिलो पटक भएको हो । तापक्रम सरदर माइनस २-३ मा नै जे जसरी जन जीवन अस्त ब्यस्त भएको पाएँ यस्ले मलाई आँफैले भोगेको भोगाइमा विश्वाश गर्न कठीन भै रहेको थियो । कारण १९८६ मा रुसमा इन्जिनियरिङ अध्ययनको लागि गएको बर्ष त्यहाँको ४० बर्षको रेकर्ड तोडेर तापक्रम माइनस ४० पुगी आफू बसेको ठाउँबाट ४-५ मिनेटको पैदाल यात्रामा पुग्न सकिने यूरोपको सबभन्दा लामो नदी भोल्गा पुरै जमेर सो नदीमाथि मानिसहरु खेल्ने अवस्था हुँदा समेत यातायात ठप्प नभएको याद छ राम्रैसंग र पनि धेरै बर्षपछिको रेकर्ड भएको र कत्तिको लागि हिउँको अनुभब पहिलो हुन सक्ने भएको कारण डिन तथा रेक्टरहरु आँफै आएर रुसी जनताहरुकै लागि पनि कठीन भएको कारण बिदेशीहरुलाई बाहिर नजानका लागि अनुरोध गरेका थिए । सो बर्ष हामीहरु बस्ने र पढने मात्र नभएर खेल्ने तथा पुस्तकालयको ब्यबस्था समेत एउटै भवनमा थियो र एउटै समस्या थियो खाने कुराको र सो कुरालाई ब्यबस्थित तुल्याइ दिएको कारण बाहिर जानै पर्ने वाध्यता पनि थिएन । त्यसरी नै नर्बे, क्यानडा, अमेरिकाका कतिपय ठाउँमा तापक्रम माइनस २० भन्दा कम पुग्दा समेत त्यस्तो असामान्य अवस्था सिर्जना भएको त्यत्ति सुन्नमा आएको छैन । यस्तो विकसित देशमा सरदर माइनस २-३ को तापक्रममा नै केही दिन भएको हिमपातका कारण यातायात झन्डै ठप्प प्राय: थियो, कैयौं कर्मचारी सार्वजनिक यातातका साधनको अभाब र ब्यक्तिगत साधन चलाउनमा भएको कठीनाइका कारण कार्यालय गएनन, अधिकांश शैक्षिक संस्था बन्द थिए, सामानको यथेस्ट ढुवानीको समस्या र संभाबित समस्याका कारण सबैले सामान बढी बढी किन्नाले कुनै कुनै पसलमा पाउरोटी (यूरोपमा पाउरोटी आधारभूत खानाको रुपमा लिइन्छ) को अभाब देखिन्थ्यो । एउटा मानबीय श्रोतसम्बन्धी संस्थाले गरेको अध्ययनले केही दिनको लागि सिर्जित यस किसिमको अवस्थाले बुधवार, बिहिवार र शुक्रबार क्रमश: १४,१५ र १० प्रतिशत कर्मचारी कार्यालय गएनन र कंपनीहरुको प्रत्यक्ष खर्च २.२ विलियनभन्दा माथि रह्यो । Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in लेख/ रचना /निबन्ध | Leave a Comment »

कति मिच्यो भारतले ६२ वर्षमा नेपाली भूमि

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 11, 2010

*जीवन पौडेल

भारतसँग जोडिएका २६ जिल्लामध्ये २१ जिल्लाका ५४ भन्दाबढी ठाउँमा नेपाली भू-भाग मिचिएको छ । भारतसँग जोडिएका चार जिल्लाहरु महोत्तरी, धनुषा, डडेलधुरा र बैतडी मात्र अहिलेसम्म अतिक्रमणबाट चोखा रहेका छन् । भारतबाट एकतर्फी रुपमा लगभग ६० हजार हेक्टरभन्दा बढी पछिल्लो दाङ र बाराबाहेक भूभाग मिचिएको अनुमान गरिएको छ । यसमध्ये कालापानी-लिम्पियाधुरा क्षेत्रको मात्रै ३६ हजार नवलपरासीको सुस्तामा १४ हजार र अन्य जिल्लाहरुमा ९ हजार हेक्टर जमिन अतिक्रमण भएको छ । त्यतिमात्र कहाँ हो र मेची-महाकालीसम्म भारतसँग सीमा जोडिएका १८ जिल्लामा ४ सय ७४ सीमास्तम्भ भारतीय पक्षबाट गायब भएका छन् । सशस्त्र प्रहरीबलको तथ्याङ्कअनुसार ३ हजार ५ सय २९ सीमास्तम्भमध्ये २ हजार ३ सय ५८ मात्र सामान्य अवस्थामा छन् ।  एकीकृत नेकपा माओवादीका नेता तथा संविधानसभा राष्ट्रिय हित संरक्षण समितिका अध्यक्ष अमिक शेरचन भर्खरै भारतीय सशस्त्र सीमा सुरक्षा बलले दाङमा गरेको ज्यादतीको अवलोकन गरेर फर्किए । परराष्ट्रमन्त्री सुजाता कोइरालाले दाङमा सीमा अतिक्रमण नभएको दावी गरेकी थिइन् । त्यसलाई खण्डन गर्दै शेरचन भन्छन्- “दाङको कुनै पनि सीमास्तम्भहरु यथास्थानमा छैनन् । जङ्गे पिलरहरु छैनन् । अनौठाखालका पिलरहरु सिमानामा भेटिए ।” यस विषयमा वरिष्ठ सीमाविद् बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठ पनि सहमत छन् । सन् १९८१मा नेपाल-भारत संयुक्त सीमा समिति गठन भएर त्यसले २००७ डिसेम्बरमा आपुनो काम सकेको बताउँदै उनी भन्छन्- “तर त्यसमा पनि विवाद कायमै छ । सो समितिले ९८ प्रतिशत सीमाङ्कन गरेका दावी गर्दै १८२ थान नक्सा बनाएको दाबी गरेको छ तर त्यो सरकारी स्तरमै गोप्य राखिएको छ । ” गत मंसिरमा नेपाल भ्रमणमा आएका भारतीय विदेशमन्त्री प्रणव मुखर्जीले समेत सीमा विवाद रहेको स्वीकार गरेका थिए । अर्का सीमाविद् फणिन्द्र नेपाल अङ्ग्रेजले भारतलाई उपनिवेशबाट मुक्त गर्दा नेपालको भूमि पनि मुक्त गरेको बताउँछन् । उनी भन्छन् “नेपाल सरकारले यस मुद्दालाई सार्क आसियान र संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघमा पेश गर्न सक्नुपर्छ । Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article, लेख/ रचना /निबन्ध | Leave a Comment »

The Untold Pains of Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 8, 2010

By Dr. Shastra Pant

Introduction

1.Both India and Nepal are independent and sovereign countries. The unique relationship between these two countries is based not only on a diplomatic and political level but also on the level of common people.

The geographical proximity holds a unique significance as Nepal lies on the southern slope of the Himalayas and all the rivers from Nepal flow towards India. Thus, it is customary to have more transactions in industry and trade sectors because of geographical structure.

2.India is Nepal’s closer neighboring friend. Nepal is one of the most beautiful nations located on the southern sunny lap of the Himalayas, stretching from east to west. It is sandwiched between the Tibetan autonomous region of the People’s Republic China in the north and the Republic of India in the south, east and west. Nepal is only the Hindu kingdom in the world having equal respect to all religions, traditions and cultures. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article | 1 Comment »

What is Greater Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 8, 2010

BY PHANINDRA NEPALThe medieval Nepal was quite big in size but due to various reasons it went on being fragmented. The reintegration campaign started during 1744 and under the leadership of king Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1774, the campaign had reached as far as Darjeeling in the East. Even after the death of Prithvi Narayan Shah on 10th January 1775, the reintegration campaign continued. While forgoing ahead towards east, the border of Nepal was extended up to Sikkim by 1779. The border in the western front also went on extending. In 1790, the campaign crossed the Mahakali River and reached Gadwal in 1804 and by 1805, the Nepali Army reached Kangada across the Sutlej River. The Nepali Army succeeded, even if it had to make three years of continued efforts, in taking the Kangada Fort under its sway. In the last battle for Kangada in 1809, the Nepali Army was defeated and forced to return across back Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article | Leave a Comment »

Major Indo-Nepal treaty goes ‘missing’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 7, 2010

By  Sudeshna Sarkar

Kathmandu, June 19 (IANS) A major treaty signed between the governments of India and Nepal is not to be found in either the national archives or the royal palace here, giving rise to fears that other priceless documents of historical importance might have also vanished from the country, a newspaper said Wednesday. The infamous Sugauli Treaty signed in 1815 with the British East India Company, which was then ruling India, and is seen here as a major blow to Nepal, can’t be traced. It is neither in the National Archives of Nepal, the foreign affairs ministry or the royal palace, which was handed over to the government by deposed king Gyanendra June 11, the Himalayan Times said. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article, Article | Leave a Comment »

‘Chandni-Chowk’-gaffe-fuels-demand-for-‘Greater Nepal’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 7, 2010

Kathmandu, Jan 27 (IANS) The anti-Indian sentiments triggered by banned Bollywood film “Chandni Chowk to China” has stoked fresh demands for the recovery of the land acceded to India by Nepal nearly two centuries ago.On Monday, as India celebrated its 60th Republic Day, students staged a noisy protest in front of the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu, asking for the restoration of “GreaterNepal”.

Led by a Nepali literature professor, Phanindra Nepal, the Unified Nepal National Front is asking India and Britain to separate certain areas from four Indian states and return them to Nepal since they were part of Nepal’s territory in the 19th century. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in News | Leave a Comment »

Videos

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 7, 2010

Greater Nepal


‘भारत हाम्रो भु-भाग फिर्ता देउ’ Part 1

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Videos | Leave a Comment »

Nepali children of Ashford, UK welcomed the New Year 2010 with Creativity

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 7, 2010

आशफोर्ड, वेलायतमा 

नेपाली बालबच्चाहरुले सृजनाद्वारा नववर्ष २०१०लाई स्वागत गरे

Nepali children of Ashford, London  welcomed the New Year 2010 with Creativity

आशफोर्ड वेलायतमा  डिसेम्बर ३१, २००९ का दिन दशजना नेपाली बालबच्चाहरुले कथालेखनसम्बन्धी कार्याशाला गोष्ठीमा भाग लिएर नववर्ष २०१०-शुभागमनको उत्सव मनाए । सबै बालबालिकाहरुले एकएकवटा कथा लेखी वाचनसमेत गरेका थिए । श्री रामकुमार श्रेष्ठद्वारा संयोजित यस कार्यशाला गोष्ठीमा डा. कविताराम श्रेष्ठले कथालेखन विधिबारे प्रशिक्षण दिनुभएको थियो र वालवालिकाहरुका संरक्षकहरु लक्ष्मी गुरुंग, गम गुरुंग, करे राई, प्रभादेवी श्रेष्ठ र निशा न्यौपाने श्रेष्ठ समेतले पर्यवेक्षण गरेका थिए । भाग लिने बालबालिकाहरु पूजा श्रेष्ठ, सुशान्त श्रेष्ठ, संघर्ष श्रेष्ठ, निक्की गुरुंग, अर्पणा खािलंग, पारु साम्पा, निमा सेर्पा, तेन्जिग सेर्पा, पुरक श्रेष्ठ र मिलिन्द राई थिए । Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in कथा (Story) | 3 Comments »

Nepal-India Open Border: Prospects, Problems and Challenges

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 6, 2010

Vidya Bir Singh Kansakar, Ph.D.
Professor and Head
Central Department of Geography
Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu

Note: This document is updated version of the papers presented in a series of seminars organized by the Institute of Foreign Affairs and FES in Nepalgunj, Birgunj, Biratnagar and Kathmandu. 2001 .

The Evolution of Nepal’s International Boundary with China and India

Like most of the countries of the world, the existence of Nepal had been recognised even before the international boundaries had been fully and finally established. Mention of Nepal is found in the ancient history of both China and India. Nepal-China boundary is as old as the history of the two countries, but in contrast to the very ancient cultural, social, political and economic relations, Nepal-India boundary has a comparatively recent origin and its present boundary demarcation and delimitation took place after the Anglo-Nepal War of 1814-16. In contrast to Nepal’s boundary with India on three sides: west, south and east, the boundary between Nepal and China lies in the north only. However, the demarcation of Nepal-China boundary had been a problem in the past, because more than 90 percent of the frontiers run through high altitudes with rocks and snow, glaciers and ice fields which are entirely uninhabited. Both countries have respected and continue to respect the existing traditional and customary boundary line and have lived in amity. No remarkable or noticeable territorial dispute has existed between Nepal and China. The few territorial disputes that existed were over rival claims for the settlements of Kimathanka in the Sankhuwasabha and Taplejung districts, the area adjoining the border of Rasuwa, and Nara Nangla of Humla district with the origin of dispute dating back to 1815, 1818 and 1834 respectively (Nepali, 1964:1).:These disputes were resolved by the Nepal-China Joint Boundary Commission on October 5, 1961.

The ruggedness of Nepal-China boundary is clearly revealed by its length which is 1415 kilometres, while Nepal-India boundary which runs along three sides of Nepal is only 1850 kilometers, 465 kilometers longer than Nepal-China boundary. The 1415 kilometre length of Nepal-China boundary is based on measurement in the maps ( for details on Nepal-China Boundary see Annex). If the actual measurement is made on the ground along the slopes and ridges of the mountains, the length of the boundary will be more than that indicated by the measurement in the maps. So far as Nepal-India boundary is concerned, the mountainous portions of the boundary lie in Sikkim State and Darjeeling district of West Bengal State in the east, while rest of the boundary runs along the plains in the south and along the Mahakali River in the west.

The Delineation and Demarcation of Nepal-India Boundary

Prior to the domination of India by the British East India Company, both Nepal and India were divided into petty kingdoms and principalities. As such, very little information is available regarding the extent of border as well as border disputes between Nepal and India. The British East India Company had already started the colonisation, expansion and consolidation of Indian states and principalities through invasion, and was planning to invade Nepal after the death of King Prithvinarayan Shah. The plea for invading Nepal was their false claim over the control of Butawal, which in reality belonged to Nepal. The Anglo-Nepal War of 1814 and the subsequent treaty of peace signed between Nepal and the East India Company on December 8, 1816 resulted in the delimitation and delineation of Nepal-India border. The Mahakali River formed the western boundary, while the Mechi formed the boundary in the east along with ridges in the Darjeeling hills and Sikkim. Accordingly, Nepal had to forsake the areas lying to the west of the Mahakali River and the areas lying to the east of the Mechi River including the return of the territory of the Rajah of Sikkim occupied by Nepal. The East India Company delineated and demarcated the southern boundary on its own. But no demarcation was made for the Tarai region lying between the Mahakali River and the Arrah Nala, which was ceded to the British India in 1816. Moreover, the entire western Tarai was almost covered with dense forests, and, at the same time, there was no physical basis to discern the northern limit of Tarai. Nepal and India had a dispute over this ill-defined and ill-demarcated boundary. Prime Minister Jung Bahadur spent the last two decades of his rule in solving these problems. In his lifetime, he settled all the problems affecting the boundary between Nepal and India, because he was apprehensive that in the future such problems might lead to friction between the two states (Husain, 1970:108). A straight line between the two pillars was drawn for the demarcation of the border in the forest areas, while demarcation in the cultivated land was made on the basis of village boundaries on the principle of mutual give and take. Major disputes and problems arose in the case of river boundary due to erratic changes in the river courses in the Tarai region. In recognition of assistance of Nepalese army in quelling the 1857 mutiny in Lucknow, and because of the fact that the western Tarai, which was ceded to India under the Treaty of 1816, was retrocede to Nepal, the Boundary Commissions of the two Governments met in North Oudh at Bhagura Tal in February 1860 to survey and demarcate the boundary. After the completion of the survey and demarcation, the King of Nepal and the British Resident signed a formal treaty on November 1, 1860. Even after that, the dispute over the river boundary between Mondia Ghat to Bunbasa along the Mahakali (Sharada) river arose immediately after the treaty and was resolved in December 1864. Nepal made the claim over the Dudhawa Range up to the foot of the hills, while the British insisted on the Range watershed forming the boundary and the area along the Southern slopes of the watershed belonging to India. The Agreement endorsing the claim of Nepal was ratified on June 7, 1875 (Tyagi, 1974:88-98). For the Nepalese territory of 2800 acres ceded to India for the construction of the Sharada Barrage in the early 1900s, a total of 4000 acres in Taratal area to the south of Bardia district was given to Nepal. Later, the survey and review of the territory ceded to India by Nepal revealed that an excess of 31 acres had gone to India. India had agreed to compensate for that area, but it has not yet materialised. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Article, Article | 5 Comments »

 
%d bloggers like this: