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Archive for October, 2012

Global Warming Systemically Caused Hurricane Sandy

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 31, 2012

By George Lakoff, Author, The Political Mind, Moral Politics, Don’t Think of an Elephant!

Comment: We are responsible to all disasters. We already knew this, however; we did pretend because we thought this will not happen to ourselves. Now what to say, whom to blame?

Yes, global warming systemically caused Hurricane Sandy — and the Midwest droughts and the fires in Colorado and Texas, as well as other extreme weather disasters around the world. Let’s say it out loud, it was causation, systemic causation.

Systemic causation is familiar. Smoking is a systemic cause of lung cancer. HIV is a systemic cause of AIDS. Working in coal mines is a systemic cause of black lung disease. Driving while drunk is a systemic cause of auto accidents. Sex without contraception is a systemic cause of unwanted pregnancies.

There is a difference between systemic and direct causation. Punching someone in the nose is direct causation. Throwing a rock through a window is direct causation. Picking up a glass of water and taking a drink is direct causation. Slicing bread is direct causation. Stealing your wallet is direct causation. Any application of force to something or someone that always produces an immediate change to that thing or person is direct causation. When causation is direct, the wordcause is unproblematic.

Systemic causation, because it is less obvious, is more important to understand. A systemic cause may be one of a number of multiple causes. It may require some special conditions. It may be indirect, working through a network of more direct causes. It may be probabilistic, occurring with a significantly high probability. It may require a feedback mechanism. In general, causation in ecosystems, biological systems, economic systems, and social systems tends not to be direct, but is no less causal. And because it is not direct causation, it requires all the greater attention if it is to be understood and its negative effects controlled.

Above all, it requires a name: systemic causation. Read the rest of this entry »

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The Art Of Sleeping With The Enemy

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 30, 2012

By Dr. Peggy Drexler, Author, research psychologist, and gender scholar

I have good friends. Call them Ed and Paula. They are in a mixed marriage: she’s a Republican, he’s a Democrat. Both take their respective affiliations seriously.

They’ve always made their union of political opposites work. But this season, there is coolness in the political air. They find themselves avoiding dangerous territory.

“It’s funny,” Paula told me. It’s just harder to talk about things in this race.”

Maybe they just reflect the country as a whole — the feeling that it’s a zero-sum game. From the left: Republicans are for the rich, and against just about everybody else. From the right: Obama will preside over America’s financial ruin.

Both those positions have likely been hardened by the current climate of Congressional polarization: “I’m OK. You’re the anti-Christ.”

Evidence of a hardening of positions is visible in a paper published in Public Opinion Quarterly. Stanford University professor Shanto Iyengar points to a 1960s study that found 5 percent of couples would be upset if their child married outside their political party. A study in 2010 put that figure at 40 percent. For the record, Republicans would be more upset — 50 percent to 30 percent.

How do couples cope? There are some visible examples that say it can work. Read the rest of this entry »

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Joanna Jenkins, 108-Year-Old South Carolina Woman, Votes For The Very First Time (VIDEO)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 30, 2012

The upcoming election will be significant for many first-time voters. But for one South Carolina woman, the day will be truly memorable as she casts her first vote ever — at the age of 108.

According to NBC News, Joanna Jenkins, from Beaufort, South Carolina, will finally cast her first vote after being registered as an absentee voter this year. Read the rest of this entry »

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One World Trade Center Becomes New York City’s Tallest Skyscraper, Floors Still Being Added (VIDEO)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 29, 2012

By DAVID B. CARUSO

NEW YORK — One World Trade Center, the monolith being built to replace the twin towers destroyed in the Sept. 11 attacks, claimed the title of New York City’s tallest skyscraper on Monday, as workers erected steel columns that made its unfinished skeleton a little over 1,250 feet high, just enough to peek over the roof of the observation deck on the Empire State Building.

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White Paper: Our Future is Asia (Video)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 29, 2012

Australia’s success in the 21st Century will inextricably be linked to the continued rise of Asia as an economic super power. China at heart of Australia’s Asian Century White Paper. 

The Federal government has outlined an ambitious plan to ensure Australia takes advantage of opportunities in Asia, with the release of  ’Australia in the Asian Century’ white paper by Prime Minister Julia Gillard on Sunday.

Businesses have suggested that the government needs to accelerate economic reform to meet the goals laid out in the paper, while media commentators are ruing the lack of detail.

The paper acknowledges that Asia is set to become the economic engine for global growth in the years ahead, with Asia set to overtake Europe and North America combined to become the world’s largest economic power. China and India’s combined GDP is expected to exceed that of the whole of Group of Seven (United States, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Canada). By 2025, four of the ten largest economies in the world are expected to be in the Asian region.

Asia’s middle class is expected to increase by more than 2.5 billion people by 2030, which means countries in Asia will demand a diverse range of goods and services, such as health and aged care, education, household goods, tourism and high-quality foods.

The increase in demand for health and aged care provides opportunities for Australian companies like CSL Limited(ASX: CSL), Cochlear Limited (ASX: COH) and Sirtex Medical Limited (ASX: SRX). Household goods needs will drive demand for commodities such as copper, aluminium, and iron ore and coal (used in steel production), while better diets will lead to a demand increase for high-quality foods, and fertiliser products – such as potash.

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A Vibrant Past: Colorizing the Archives of History

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 26, 2012

Photo colorization by Sanna Dullaway for TIME / Original image by Alexander Gardner / Library of Congress 1862. Allan Pinkerton, President Lincoln, and Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand at Antietam.

Technology has given us an incredibly wide-ranging view of modern presidents; chief White House photographer Pete Souza’s images of Barack Obama show him in countless locations and situations, from meetings in the Oval Office to candid shots of the president eating ice cream with his daughters on vacation.

The photo archive of Abraham Lincoln, the subject of this week’s cover story, is a much smaller set due to the technological limitations of the time; most of the existing photographs of the 16th president are posed portraits, the majority of which only show Lincoln from the chest up—and all are black-and-white. Read the rest of this entry »

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Billions in Hidden Riches for Family of Chinese Leader

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 26, 2012

By 

BEIJING — The mother of China’s prime minister was a schoolteacher in northern China. His father was ordered to tend pigs in one of Mao’s political campaigns. And during childhood, “my family was extremely poor,” the prime minister, Wen Jiabao, said in a speech last year.

But now 90, the prime minister’s mother, Yang Zhiyun, not only left poverty behind — she became outright rich, at least on paper, according to corporate and regulatory records. Just one investment in her name, in a large Chinese financial services company, had a value of $120 million five years ago, the records show. Read the rest of this entry »

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The Sino-Indian War: 50 Years Later, Will India and China Clash Again?

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 22, 2012

By

For India, the haunting lesson of 1962 is that to secure peace, it must be ever ready to defend peace. China’s recidivist policies are at the root of the current bilateral tensions and carry the risk that Beijing may be tempted to teach India “a second lesson”, especially because the political gains of the first lesson have been frittered away. Chinese strategic doctrine attaches great value to the elements of surprise and good timing in order to wage “battles with swift outcomes.” If China were to unleash another surprise war, victory or defeat will be determined by one key factor: India’s ability to withstand the initial shock and awe and fight back determinedly.

INDIA - NOVEMBER 01:  Indian troops trainning for the boarder war with Red China.  (Photo by Larry Burrows/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)

INDIA – NOVEMBER 01: Indian troops trainning for the boarder war with Red China. (Photo by Larry Burrows/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)

The only major war in modern history fought between India and China ended almost as abruptly as it began. On Oct. 20, 1962, a multi-pronged Chinese offensive burst the glacial stillness of the Himalayas and overwhelmed India’s unprepared and ill-equipped defenses, scattering its soldiers. Within days, the Chinese had wrested control of Kashmir’s Aksai Chin plateau in the west and, in the east, neared India’s vital tea-growing heartlands in Assam. Then, on Nov. 21, Beijing called a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew from India’s northeast, while keeping hold of barren Aksai Chin. TIME’s Nov. 30, 1962 cover story started off with a Pax Americana smirk: “Red China behaved in so inscrutably Oriental a manner last week that even Asians were baffled.”

(MORE: Tibetans, the orphans of the Sino-Indian war.)

Fifty years later, there are other reasons to be baffled: namely why a territorial spat that ought be consigned to dusty 19th century archives still rankles relations between the 21st century’s two rising Asian powers. Economic ties between India and China are booming: they share over $70 billion in annual bilateral trade, a figure that’s projected to reach as much as $100 billion in the next three years. But, despite rounds of talks, the two countries have yet to resolve their decades-old dispute over the 2,100-mile-long border. It remains one of the most militarized stretches of territory in the world, a remote, mountainous fault-line that still triggers tensions between New Delhi and Beijing.

At the core of the disagreement is the McMahon Line, an imprecise, meandering boundary drawn in 1914 by British colonial officials and representatives of the then independent Tibetan state. China, of course, refuses to recognize that line, and still refers much of its territorial claims to the maps and atlases of the long-vanished Qing dynasty, whose ethnic Manchu emperors maintained loose suzerainty over the Tibetan plateau. In 1962, flimsy history, confusion over the border’s very location and the imperatives of two relatively young states—Mao’s People’s Republic and newly independent India led by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru—led to China humiliating India in a crushing defeat where, by some accounts, both sides lost upwards of 2,000 soldiers. In 1962, TIME described the Chinese offensive as a “human-sea assault,” like a “swarm of red ants” toting burp-guns. Beijing seized and has never relinquished Aksai Chin—”the desert of white stone”—a strategic corridor that links Tibet to the western Chinese region of Xinjiang. “The India-China war took place through a complex series of actions misunderstandings,” says Kishan S. Rana, a former Indian diplomat and honorary fellow at the Institute of Chinese Studies in New Delhi. “Bilateral relations are, however, moving forward. The border, despite unresolved issues, today is a quiet border.” Read the rest of this entry »

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It’s Up to Us to Deliver for Malala

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 17, 2012

By Gordon Brown, Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; UN Special Envoy for Global Education

Today 14-year-old Malala Yousafzai, shot in the head by the Taliban for wanting to go to school, will arrive in the UK for medical treatment.

Medical experts say that Malala, fortunate to escape death from the assassin’s bullet, faces a long haul to recovery. I know the Birmingham hospital where Malala is to be treated. I have visited patients, doctors and nurses there on a number of occasions and I have seen at first hand their expertise in dealing with injuries caused by gunshot wounds.

I have also spoken this morning to Pakistan’s High Commissioner in the UK, who is travelling to meet Malala when she arrives in Birmingham. I have assured him of whatever help is needed for Malala and her family.

As Malala fights for her life, a worldwide campaign continues to grow around her in support of her demand for education for every girl.

In Pakistan, as well as India, Bangladesh and Afghanistan and along with the West, Malala’s courage is inspiring revulsion against the Taliban. She is becoming for millions of children their adopted sister and for millions of parents their adopted daughter.

This week leaders and celebrities are now joining the thousands of young supporters in signing the new ‘I am Malala’ petition on: www.educationenvoy.org.

The petition will be presented to the Pakistani President and the UN Secretary-General, demanding that Malala and every girl, is granted their right to education.

If leaders are now offering welcome support, it is children and young people who have led the waves of protest — and by demonstrating in droves, this new generation has done more to assert the right of every child to education than the leaders who promised to deliver it.

Behind the headlines, the protests are giving birth to a campaign of young people who are no longer willing to tolerate the gap between the promise of opportunity for all and the reality of millions of boys and girls shut out from even the most basic of primary schooling. Read the rest of this entry »

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From Quanta to Qualia: What Nature Is Really Telling Us

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 17, 2012

By Deepak Chopra, Author, ‘Spiritual Solutions’; founder, The Chopra Foundation

Co-written with Menas Kafatos, Ph.D., and Rudolph E. Tanzi, Ph.D.

What would it take to make the universe a living thing? What would it take to make it human once again, a secure home for us instead of a cold, meaningless place? What would it take to give God a future? As disconnected as these questions may seem, they are on the minds of some farseeing thinkers. And the deeper one looks, the more it appears that all three issues — a living universe, a human universe and a universe that holds a place for God — start to merge. If they actually do merge, nothing will ever be the same again. Not just science but everyday existence will be completely overturned.

There have been great physicists who were deeply religious, such as Sir Isaac Newton, or who had a religious feeling when confronting the universe, such as Albert Einstein, but God isn’t the right place to start with these huge issues. God, in fact, is a red herring. No matter who or what created the universe, it’s here now, and we have to relate to it. How? One of the oldest ideas, which can be found in every culture, holds that nature is a mirror. We relate to it by seeing ourselves, but not passively. Messages are constantly going back and forth about birth and death, about constant change and the bond between our life and nature itself. To the ancients a natural disaster — fire, flood or earthquake — showed that nature was angry. If nature was appeased, the harvest was good and the sun shone. It was unquestioned that the universe meant something, and usually it meant that a loving deity had created a special place for his children.

It’s astonishing how quickly a timeless worldview was utterly destroyed by science. The demolition project that included Darwin, Freud, Einstein and all the other quantum pioneers doesn’t need retracting. We relate to a completely mechanistic universe devoid of purpose, one that operates through random chance, perfectly meshed with evolution operating through random genetic mutations. The mirror has shattered. We no longer see ourselves, because there’s nothing meaningful to see, no purpose, no creator. Even more absurd is the notion that nature is sending us messages; from the collision of quarks to the collision of galaxies, nothing is happening “out there” to reflect human existence. Read the rest of this entry »

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Inequality and the world economy: True Progressivism

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 15, 2012

A new form of radical centrist politics is needed to tackle inequality without hurting economic growth

BY THE end of the 19th century, the first age of globalisation and a spate of new inventions had transformed the world economy. But the “Gilded Age” was also a famously unequal one, with America’s robber barons and Europe’s “Downton Abbey” classes amassing huge wealth: the concept of “conspicuous consumption” dates back to 1899. The rising gap between rich and poor (and the fear of socialist revolution) spawned a wave of reforms, from Theodore Roosevelt’s trust-busting to Lloyd George’s People’s Budget. Governments promoted competition, introduced progressive taxation and wove the first threads of a social safety net. The aim of this new “Progressive era”, as it was known in America, was to make society fairer without reducing its entrepreneurial vim.

Modern politics needs to undergo a similar reinvention—to come up with ways of mitigating inequality without hurting economic growth. That dilemma is already at the centre of political debate, but it mostly produces heat, not light. Thus, on America’s campaign trail, the left attacks Mitt Romney as a robber baron and the right derides Barack Obama as a class warrior. In some European countries politicians have simply given in to the mob: witness François Hollande’s proposed 75% income-tax rate. In much of the emerging world leaders would rather sweep the issue of inequality under the carpet: witness China’s nervous embarrassment about the excesses of Ferrari-driving princelings, or India’s refusal to tackle corruption. Read the rest of this entry »

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जापानमा बुद्ध जन्मस्थल चिनाउने नेपालीको नयाँ काइदा

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 15, 2012

२८ असोज, काठमाण्डौ । भगवान गौतम बुद्ध भारतमा जन्मिएका हुन भन्ने भ्रम चिर्न जापानमा ब्यबसाय गरिरहेका एक नेपालीले नयाँ जुक्ति निकालेका छन् ।

बुद्धमार्गी जापानी नागरिकमाझ बुद्ध भारतमा जन्मिएका हुन् भन्ने भ्रम छ । गौतम बुद्ध नेपालमै जन्मिएका हुन् भन्ने सन्देश दिन जापानको नागोयामा रेष्टुरेण्ट ब्यबसाय गरिरहेका बिष्णुप्रसाद घिमिरेले चपस्टिकको सहारा लिएका छन् …।

जापानी भाषामा ‘हासि’ भनिने चपस्टिक स्थानीय जापानीहरुले खाना खान प्रयोग गर्छन् । नेपाली रेष्टुरेण्टमा खान आउने जापानीहरुले पनि यस्तो चपस्टिक प्रयोग गर्छन् । उनीहरुले बिहान बेलुकी नै प्रयोग गर्ने चपस्टिकको खोलमा बुद्ध नेपालमा जन्मिएको सन्देश दिंदा प्रभावकारी हुने ठानी घिमिरेले ‘बुद्ध नेपालमा जन्मिएका हुन’ लेखिएको चपस्टिक प्रयोग गर्न थालेका छन् ।

‘चपस्टिकको खोलमा यस्तो सन्देश लेख्दा निकै प्रभावकारी भएको पायौं’- एनआरएन जापान तोकाई होकुरिकुका क्षेत्रीय उपसंयोजकसमेत रहेका घिमिरेले अनलाइनखबरसँग भने-’ ग्राहकहरु नेपालको बारेमा जानकारी लिन थप उत्सुक भएको र बुद्धबारे भ्रम चिर्न सफल भएको पायौं।’ चपस्टिकको खोलमा गौतम बुद्ध बाहेक नेपाललाई चिनाउने जिवित देवी कुमारी, सगरमाथासहितका अग्ला हिमश्रृङखला र नेपाल जापान सम्बन्धको इतिहास पनि लेखिएको छ ।

नितान्त ब्यक्तिगत पहलमा यस्तो प्रयास गरेको बताउँदै घिमिरेले जापानमा रहेका नेपाली रेष्टुँराहरुले यस्तो बिधि अपनाउँदा ठूलो संख्याका रहेका जापानीमाझ बुद्धबारेको भ्रम चिर्न सकिने बताए ।

‘विश्वकै अग्ला हिमश्रृङला, हिमताल एक सिंगे गैंडा, पाटे बाघ लगायत वन्यजन्तुले भरिएका राष्ट्रिय निकुन्ज, विश्वकै अनौठो आकारको रुपमा रहेको राष्ट्रिय झन्डा, नेपाली जीवन शैली, राष्ट्रिय बिभुतिहरुको बारेमा पोष्टर, ब्यानर, पम्पेल्ट आदिको बनाएर सँस्थागतरुपमा विश्वभर छरिएर बसेका स्वाभिमानी नेपालीहरु कस्सिने हो भने हाम्रा अमुल्य सम्पति, र बिभूतिमाथि कसैले आँखा लगाउन सक्दैनथ्यो ।’- घिमिरेले भने । Read the rest of this entry »

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Are Chinese Telecoms Firms Really Spying on Americans?

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 10, 2012

A congressional committee warned U.S. companies against dealing with two prominent Chinese firms whose products could compromise national security
 
Executives of two major Chinese technology companies, Charles Ding, Huawei Technologies Ltd senior vice president for the U.S., left, and Zhu Jinyun, ZTE Corporation

J. Scott Applewhite / AP
Executives of two major Chinese technology companies, Charles Ding of Huawei, left, and Zhu Jinyun of ZTE, right, are sworn in on Capitol Hill in Washington on Sept 13, 2012, before testifying whether their expansion in the American market poses a threat to U.S. national security

The charm offensive didn’t pay off. Last month, senior Chinese executives unaccustomed to sharp scrutiny sat in front of a foreign government and tried to explain just what their companies did. But on Oct. 8, after 11 months of study, the House Intelligence Committee recommended that American businesses stay away from computer-network products made by two Chinese firms, Huawei and ZTE, for fear that they may compromise U.S. national security. The world’s second and fifth largest information-and-communications-technology companies have large operations overseas but have failed to expand extensively in the U.S. Now, the U.S. looks like an even more distant destination.

“Based on available classified and unclassified information,” said the U.S. panel’s 52-page report, “Huawei and ZTE cannot be trusted to be free of foreign state influence and thus pose a security threat to the United States and to our systems … Malicious implants in the components of critical infrastructure, such as power grids or financial networks, would also be a tremendous weapon in China’s arsenal.” Read the rest of this entry »

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The Tragedy of Child Brides

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 10, 2012

By Gordon Brown, Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; UN Special Envoy for Global Education

This Thursday the first International Day of The Girl Child aims to focus attention on two major issues affecting millions of vulnerable girls — the tragedy of child brides and the importance of girls’ education.

Ten million girls every year are removed from school and forced into marriages they did not choose. Girls of nine, ten and eleven are among those whose childhoods are stolen, and destined instead to a future of poverty and exploitation.

My recent report on child marriage makes clear that the surest way to end this scandal of child brides is to ensure that every girl goes to school. Ending the destruction of talent and opportunity that comes with early marriage would also generate wider benefits. Children born to very young mothers (who often live in extreme poverty) are more likely to die before their fifth birthday; keeping girls in school and out of marriage delays them having children so young. Prolonging girls’ education could therefore save an estimated 500,000 infant lives between now and the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goal on child mortality.

That is why every government, UN agency and donor should include in their education strategies clear targets for eliminating early marriage, backed by policies and financing provisions. On Thursday I’ll be supporting the call by a number of UN agencies and leading campaigners including Desmond Tutu and Mary Robinson to accelerate progress in reducing the number of child brides.

Commendable progress in narrowing the gender gap in education has been made, though far too many girls are still denied their right to schooling because of gender discrimination. This week Plan International will publish its findings on girls’ education. Providing girls with learning opportunities makes them less likely to be a child bride and more likely to be informed about HIV/AIDS, hygiene, nutrition and employment prospects. Read the rest of this entry »

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मेलबर्नमा साहित्यिक जमघट कार्यक्रमको वार्षिकोत्सब

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 10, 2012

७ अक्टोबर, कोबर्ग, मेलबर्न अस्ट्रेलिया: बिदेशमा रहेर पनि नेपाली भाषा, संस्कृतिलाई जोगाइ राख्ने अभिप्रायले प्रत्येक महिनाको पहिलो आइतबार साहित्यिक कार्यक्रम नियमित रुपमा गर्दै आइरहेको एक बर्ष पुगेको उपलक्षमा गीत, कविता, भजन, वाध्य वादन, नाच गान आदि कार्यक्रम सहित मेलबर्नको कोबर्गस्थित पुस्तकालय हाताभित्रको हलमा वार्षिकोत्सब भब्यताका साथ मनाइएको छ ।

शुभ-कामना मन्तब्य ब्यक्त गर्ने क्रममा लुम्बिनी-कपिलवस्तु दिवस अभियानका बिस्व संयोजक रामकुमार श्रेष्ठले बिदेश बसाइको ब्यस्त जीवनका बाबजुद बिभिन्न समस्यालाई सामना गर्दै नेपाली भाषा, कला र संस्कृतिलाई जोगाउने अभिप्रायले शुरु गरिएको यो कार्यक्रमलाई यहाँसम्म ल्याइपुर्याउने कामको प्रसंशा गर्दै समस्याले नै मानिसलाई परिपक्क बनाउने हुनाले समस्या आइपरेर चिन्ता लिने नभएर समस्या सामना गर्न नपर्दा चिन्ता लिनु पर्ने बताउँदै रुसी लेखक निकोलाई आस्त्रोबोस्कीको “अग्नि दिक्षा” उपन्यासका प्रमुख पात्र पावेल कर्चागिनले जीवनको हरेक मोडमा समस्याको सामना गर्दागर्दा फलामबाट स्टिल बने जस्तो बनेको उल्लेख गर्नु भयो । साहित्यलाई संसार चियाउने झ्यालको रुपमा लिइने बताउँदै श्रेष्ठले साहित्य अत्यन्तै भेग बिषयबस्तु भएकोले यस्को महिमा छोटो समयमा गर्न नसकिने भए पनि यो समाज परिवर्तनको महत्वपूर्ण र शक्तिशाली माध्यम भएको उल्लेख गर्नु भयो । Read the rest of this entry »

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