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Archive for December, 2012

लुम्बिनीमा बिँड तात्यो, ताप्के तातेन

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 31, 2012

स्कूल पढदाको समयमा एउटा फूटबल म्याचमा जब हामीले प्रतिपक्षमा गोल गरेका थियौं प्रतिपक्षका किपर दु:खी हुनुको सट्टा झन आँफै गोल भन्दै नाचेका थिए । यस्ता बिभिषण प्रबृतिका अस्वाभाबिक गोल बहादुरहरु बिभिन्न रुपमा बिभिन्न स्तरमा लुम्बिनीको सन्दर्भमा बारंबार देखा परिरहन्छन् र विस्वमा नेपालको पहिचानको मूलाधारको रुपमा रहेको लुम्बिनीको बिकासमा केही हुन लाग्यो कि त बिभिन्न बहानामा देखा पर्छन् ।

बिदेशीको भनाइ र लेखाइ बेला बखतमा सुन्न र पढन पाईन्छ, यदि लुम्बिनी हाम्रो देशमा हुन्थ्यो भने हामी सुनै सुनले छापिदिन्थ्यौं । योभन्दा उपहास नेपालीको लागि अरु के हुन सक्छरु र पनि आफू पनि केही नगर्ने र अरुले लुम्बिनीमा केही गर्न लाग्यो भने पनि बिभिन्न बहानामा बिभिन्न रुप र स्तरबाट ब्यबधान सिर्जना गर्न र गराउन लाग्नेहरुको अभाव हामीकहाँ छैन । एकातिर भारत लुम्बिनीको समबन्धमा नेपालमा केही नहोस भन्ने चाहन्छ भने अर्कोतिर सीमित स्वार्थ र संकुचित घेराभन्दा माथि उठन नसक्ने रोगका कारण बाँदरको उखानलाई चरितार्थ बनाउँदै बिदेशीहरुको सामू समेत आफूलाई हास्यको पात्र बनाइरहेका छौं । तत्कालमा यस्ले सीमित स्वार्थ त पुरा गर्ला, तर ईतिहासमा आफूलाई कलंकित नबनाइ रहन सक्तैन भन्ने कुराको उनीहरुलाई हेक्क नै रहँदैन । अब पनि लुम्बिनीको बिकासमा चुक्यौं भने लुम्बिनी हाम्रो भन्ने अबसरबाट नचुकिएला भन्न् सकिन्न । यसैले आपसी आन्तरिक झगडा राष्ट्रिय मुद्धामा छचल्क्याउनु बुद्धिमानी कदापी ठहर्दैन ।

रामकुमार श्रेष्ठ

विश्वव्यापी महत्वको लुम्बिनी

विश्वमा झन्डै पचास करोड बुद्धिस्ट छन् भने बुद्धिज्मलाई धर्मभन्दा पनि बिज्ञानको रुपमा मान्नेहरु पनि लाखौं भएकाले लुम्बिनीमा पर्यटनको लागि उपयुक्त बातावरण सिर्जना गर्न सकिएको खण्डमा बर्षेनी लाखौं पर्यटक भित्र्याएर करोडौं डलर आम्दानी गर्न सकिने देखिन्छ जुन नेपालको बिकासमा कायापलट ल्याउन सहायकसिद्ध हुन सक्छ ।

लुम्बिनी शान्ति सहर बनाउने गुरुयोजना तयार गर्न लामो समयदेखि ब्यस्त थुप्रै इन्जिनियरिङ्ग परियोजना व्यवस्थापनसंग सम्बन्धित जर्नलहरुको संपादक मण्डलमा कार्यरत एबं इन्जिनियरिङ्ग परियोजना व्यवस्थापनमा अन्तराष्ट्रिय ख्याती प्राप्त प्राध्यापक क्वाक वार्षिक एक लाख पर्यटक एक दिनका लागि लुम्बिनीमा आउनेलाई बढाएर हरेक वर्ष ६ लाख पर्यटक लुम्बिनीमा ल्याउने र उनीहरूलाई १५ दिन बस्ने संरचना बनाउने लक्ष प्राप्तीका लागि कार्यरत छन ।

बुद्धको यही विश्वव्यापी महत्वबाट लालायित भएर नेपालको बिबिध कम्जोरीको फाइदा उठाउँदै शक्तिका भरमा संपूर्ण विश्व मान्यता बिपरीत करोडौं खर्च गरेर नक्कली लुम्बिनी र कपिलवस्तु नै निर्माण कार्यका जुटेर झन्डै अन्तिम चरणमा पुगेको भारत जनस्तरमा नै भए पनि आजको इन्टरनेटको जमानामा सामाजिक सन्जाल एबं बिभिन्न किसिमबाट गरिएका ब्यापक बिरोधका कारण बुद्ध भारतमा जन्मिएको भन्ने दुस्प्रयास धरायासी हुन सक्ने र नैतिकताको प्रश्नको संभावनालाई ध्यानमा राखी बुद्धले ध्यान र ज्ञान प्राप्त गरेको कुरालाई आधार मानी बुद्ध भारतमा जन्मिएको कुरालाई ब्यापक रुपमा अगाडि बढाउन अग्रसर भएको देखिन्छ ।

के गर्दैछ भारत ?

२०११ को जुनमा बौद्ध इतिहास र संस्कृतिबारे अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय अभियान सञ्चालन गर्ने क्रममा भारतीय दूतावासले भारत, चीन, जापान, मंगोलिया, म्यानमार, नेपाल, सिंगापुर, दक्षिण कोरिया र भियतनामका अध्येता सहभागी गराएर बेइजिङमा आयोजना गरेको बुद्धिज्मः म्यापिङ एसियाज हिस्ट्री एन्ड कल्चर’ विषयमा भएको कार्यक्रम मार्फत गौतम बुद्धको जन्मस्थल लुम्बिनीलाई ओझेल पार्ने गरी भारतले बोधगयालाई बौद्धमार्गीहरूको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय केन्द्र बनाउने अभियान तीब्र पार्यो । भारतलाई अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय बौद्ध केन्द्र बनाउने अभियान अन्तर्गत कजाकिस्तान, हंगेरी, इन्डोनेसिया, थाइल्यान्ड, दक्षिण कोरिया, सिंगापुर, कम्बोडिया, श्रीलंका, नेपाल, भियतनाम लगायतका देशमा यस अघि नै कार्यक्रम गरिसकेको कांग्रेस आइका विदेश विभाग प्रमुख करण सिंह निर्देशक रहेको भारतको सांस्कृतिक कुटनीति हेर्ने संस्था इन्डियन काउन्सिल फर कल्चर रिलेसन्स् (आइसिसिआर) र पेकिङ युनिभर्सिटीसँग मिलेर बेइजिङस्थित भारतीय दूतावासले एसिया क्षेत्रीय स्तरको उक्त कार्यक्रम आयोजना गरेका थिए । Read the rest of this entry »

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Celebrity Bad Science: Sense About Science Campaign Lists Worst Offenders

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 30, 2012

Reuters  |  By Kate Kelland

Fox's "The X Factor" Season Finale - Night 2

LONDON (Reuters) – Pop guru Simon Cowell carries pocket-sized inhalable oxygen shots, America’s “Mad Men” actress January Jones favors dried placenta pills, and British soap star Patsy Palmer rubs coffee granules into her skin.

Celebrities rarely shy away from public peddling of dubious ideas about health and science, and 2012 was no exception.

In its annual list of the year’s worst abuses against science, the Sense About Science (SAS) campaign also named former U.S. presidential candidate Mitt Romney for spreading misinformation about windows on planes, and Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps for false justifications for peeing in the pool.

Natalie PortmanQueen Amidala was only the beginning. Movie star Natalie Portman started acting as a child, but kept her academic dreams alive, too, graduating from Harvard University in 2003 with a bachelor's in psychology. She was a semifinalist in the Intel Science Talent Search in 1998 and a co-author on a study published in the journal NeuroImage in 2002 under her given name, Natalie Hershlag.

Natalie Portman
Queen Amidala was only the beginning. Movie star Natalie Portman started acting as a child, but kept her academic dreams alive, too, graduating from Harvard University in 2003 with a bachelor’s in psychology. She was a semifinalist in the Intel Science Talent Search in 1998 and a co-author on a study published in the journal NeuroImage in 2002 under her given name, Natalie Hershlag.

To help set the record straight, SAS, a charity dedicated to helping people make sense of science and evidence, invited qualified scientists to respond to some of the wilder pseudo-scientific claims put about by the rich and famous. Read the rest of this entry »

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Satellite Wars: China unveils ‘cheaper’ answer to GPS

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 28, 2012

navigation-photo-beidou-facebookcom.nChina’s rapidly-expanding rival to GPS, called BeiDou, has become available to customers across Asia-Pacific for the first time. It aims to claim a fifth of the satellite services market in the region in just three years.

Previously, the satellite constellation was only used by the country’s military and government services. Now, it is being commercialized.

“The services now available include positioning, navigation, timing and short messages for China and surrounding areas. We hope BeiDou conquers 15 to 20 percent of the satellite services market in the Asia Pacific by 2015,”BeiDou spokesman Ran Chengqi announced at a press conference in Beijing, reported by Xinhua news agency.

China says that as it expands worldwide, the state-funded navigation system will bring in revenues of more than $60 billion a year.

At the moment, a user receiving BeiDou’s signal can determine their position to within ten meters. Most civilian GPS users are given positional data that is out by no more than 2 meters, but BeiDou’s makers say their services will be much cheaper than those of the US-government owned GPS.

BeiDou, which is the Chinese term for the Big Dipper star, is also expanding at an impressive rate, meaning it will soon be able to bridge the performance gap. Read the rest of this entry »

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Hadrian’s Auditorium: Ancient Roman Arts Center From 123 AD Discovered

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 28, 2012

ITALY HADRIAN'S AUDITORIUM

On Wednesday, archeologists revealed the remains of an ancient arts center underneath Rome dating back to 123 AD, according to the Guardian.

Emperor Hadrian is believed to have funded “the Athenaeum,” as it was known at the time; it was a 900-seat complex created to promote arts and culture, CBS News reports. Archeologists discovered the arts center during excavations for a new subway line to run through the Italian capital. Read the rest of this entry »

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India Teen Commits Suicide After Police Pressure Her To Drop Gang Rape Case, Marry Attacker

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 28, 2012

AFP

ndian youth hold candles and placards as they take part in a candle light vigil following the gang rape of a student last week in the Indian capital during a rally in Ahmedabad on December 23, 2012. (SAM PANTHAKY/AFP/Getty Images)

ndian youth hold candles and placards as they take part in a candle light vigil following the gang rape of a student last week in the Indian capital during a rally in Ahmedabad on December 23, 2012. (SAM PANTHAKY/AFP/Getty Images)

A 17-year-old Indian girl who was gang-raped committed suicide after police pressured her to drop the case and marry one of her attackers, police and a relative said on Thursday.

Amid the ongoing uproar over the gang-rape of a student on a bus in New Delhi earlier this month, the latest case has again shone the spotlight on the police’s handling of sex crimes.

One police officer has been sacked and another suspended over their conduct after the assault during the festival of Diwali on November 13 in the Patiala region in the Punjab, according to officials.

The teenager was found dead on Wednesday night after swallowing poison.

Inspector General Paramjit Singh Gill said that the teenager had been “running from pillar to post to get her case registered” but officers failed to open a formal inquiry.

“One of the officers tried to convince her to withdraw the case,” Gill, the police chief for the area, told AFP. Read the rest of this entry »

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Reaching for the stars or false dawn? Russia says next-gen spacecraft design ready

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 27, 2012

russianspacewebcom-user-zak-image.nRussia’s halting attempts to build a next generation spacecraft have received a boost after a leading constructor announced that it has completed the design of a new prototype. But seasoned space watchers await specifics before popping their corks.

“We have finished the design of the new spaceship. We took into consideration that the new craft has to be able to travel not only to the International Space Station (ISS), but also to the moon,” said Vitaly Lopota, the chief of RSC Energia, the Russian space industry’s primary spacecraft builder.

The proposed spacecraft is commonly known as PPTS (or Prospective Piloted Transport System) and RSC Energia won the tender to build it in 2009. Initially, 2015 was named as the date of the first test flight, but that was then shifted to 2018. Now, Lopota has brought the test date forward again.

“We are currently working on the first full-size model. The first test flights should take place in 2017,” he announced during a press conference in Moscow.

Currently, Roscosmos, Russia’s space agency, uses a modernized Soyuz spacecraft, a basic design that flew its first mission in 1967, to deliver cosmonauts to the ISS.

On paper, PPTS sounds like a significant upgrade, although all design information is preliminary and has not been finalized by the designers. Read the rest of this entry »

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China Opens World’s Longest High-Speed Rail Route

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 27, 2012

By 

XINHUA/JIAO HONGTAO/APA bullet train passes over Yongdinghe Bridge in Beijing on Dec. 26, 2012, the day the world's longest high-speed rail route, linking Beijing and Guangzhou, started operation

XINHUA/JIAO HONGTAO/AP
A bullet train passes over Yongdinghe Bridge in Beijing on Dec. 26, 2012, the day the world’s longest high-speed rail route, linking Beijing and Guangzhou, started operation

China launched services Wednesday on the world’s longest high-speed rail route, linking the nation’s capital in Beijing all the way to the country’s southeastern hub of Guangzhou.

Averaging speeds of up to 186 m.p.h. (300 km/h), the 1,425-mile (2,293 km) route now takes eight hours to complete; previously, the journey would take about 22 hours by train. (It will also be making stops in other cities en route, including Shijiazhuang, Zhengzhou, Wuhan and Changsha.)

Tickets aren’t exactly cheap, however: according to the New York Times, the cost for a one-way ticket in second class is 865 yuan — about $139. In comparison, a round-trip flight between the two cities comes in at just over $300. Read the rest of this entry »

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Janet Jackson Engaged: Rumors Singer Is Engaged To Billionaire Boyfriend, Wissam Al Mana, Surface Again

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 27, 2012

Janet-Jackson-9542443-2-402imagesJanet Jackson is reportedly secretly engaged to Qatari billionaire Wissam Al Mana.

Us Weekly reports that the 37-year-old mogul, who made his money in luxury brands and is the managing director of Al Mana Retail, popped the question to Jackson earlier this year, and gave her a “huge” and “expensive” ring that she keeps locked up because she’s too afraid it will get lost.

Another source also claims that the couple, who began dating in 2010, are set to marry this spring in Qatar, in a wedding that will cost millions, with a ceremony that will undoubtedly be “a circus.”

All this sounds quite impressive, but it also sounds very familiar. It turns out thatrumors that the 46-year-old singer was engaged to Al Mana first surfaced in October, with the National Enquirer claiming that the couple were planning to spend $3 million to fly their 500 wedding guests in from all over the world, and Al Mana wants to give each guest a $10,000 Rolex watch as a thank you for attending.

Rumors that the two were planning to marry started soon after the couple began dating, and Jackson even went on “Good Morning America” in October 2010 to deny the reports: Read the rest of this entry »

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MALLA ARCHITECTURE: MALLA PERIOD BASIC HOUSE

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 27, 2012

he historic city of Patan is the setting for an extraordinary range of arts and architecture, which flourish during the Malla period. Recently much of the inner city surrounding the Patan Durbar Square has been designed a Protected Monument zone by the Department of Archaeology. His Majesty's government of he worse. If this current trend continues, there is a strong possibility of us loosing one of the high points in the medieval architecture and urban form forever.

A typical Malla period Newar house consisted of a narrow brick-walled rectangle, usually 6 metres wide and of variable length divided by a central bearing wall. Typically it was of 3 stories topped by a ½ storey attic with tiled double-pitched saddle roof, however, inner city houses close to the center had 4 or 5 storeys while poorer sections at the outskirts had only two storeys. The vertical floor addition was necessitated by the need to conserve limited irrigated agricultural land. Along with bricks, timber formed the structural elements and was used for doors and windows. Houses were joined end to end and built around a courtyard. Monotony was avoided by variations in height, length and treatment of facades. This form of compact settlement was followed even in the rural houses, giving credence to the belief that Newars were more inclined towards trading and considered agriculture a necessary but secondary occupation (Korn, 1976).

King-yoganarendra-malla-s-column-in-patan-durbar-square

The courtyards around which housing units were built had a multipurpose function, providing both utilitarian as well as social communal space. It was used as a children’s playground, area for washing, grinding grains, sitting in the sun, feasts etc. Access to the courtyard from the street was through a narrow door. Staircases at the corners provided access to the individual housing units. They were narrow with trap door shutters, probably a relic of the earlier days when it was necessitated by defense requirements. Read the rest of this entry »

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साँगामा बन्दैछ मल्लकालीन शैलीको गाउँ

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 27, 2012

११ पुस, काठमाडौं । काभ्रेको साँगामा मल्लकालिन निर्माण शैली झल्काउने घरहरुको बिशेष नमूना गाउँ बन्ने भएको छ ।

काभ्रेको साँगास्थित सरस्वती डाँडामा रहेको ५४ रोपनी क्षेत्रफलमा मल्ल कालको झल्को दिनेगरि ५० वटा घर बनिरहेका छन् । जसको बाहिरी स्वरुपमात्र हैन, भित्री निर्माण पनि मल्लकालको जस्तै हुने छ । काठमाण्डौमा बनेका पश्चिमा शैलीका हाउजिङको बिक्रि निराशाजनक रहेका बेला पुराना शैलीका घरहरुको बिक्रि थालिएको छ ।

‘अब बन्न लागेका घरहरुमा चोटा, दलिन, थाम, बुईगल, पिढिको स्वरुप सृजना हुनेछ ।’ योजनाका संयोजक रविन्द्र पुरीले भने-’नमूना गाउँमा ढुङ्गेधारा, पाटी, चैत्य, मन्दिर, चौतारो पनि हुनेछन ।’ बिभिन्न पाटीपौवा, बिद्यालय, मन्दिर पुननिर्माण गरेर भिन्न नाम बनाइसकेका पुरीले यो वस्तीमा परम्परा र सम्पदाका कुरा मात्रै रहने बताए ।

स्पेनी नागरिक फर्नान्डो पालाजुयेलोसंगको सहकार्यमा नमुना गाउँ बनाउन जुटेका पुरीले यही शनिबार गाउँमा बनेका तीनवटा नमूना घरको प्रदर्शनी तथा बुकिङ आरम्भ गर्ने भएका छन् । ७० लाखदेखि १ करोड १० लाख रुपैंयासम्म पर्ने यी घरमा ५ आनादेखि ११ आनासम्म जग्गा रहने उनको योजना छ ।

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US deploying troops to 35 African countries

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 25, 2012

embassy-states-arrive.nThe United States Army will be deploying troops to nearly three-dozen African nations in the coming year.

Soldiers based out of Fort Riley, Kansas’ 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division will begin training in March 2013 in order to prepare for a project that will send troops to as many as 35 African nations, the Associated Press reports.

Citing a growing threat from extremist groups, including those with ties to al-Qaeda, the Department of Defense is hoping to install American soldiers overseas in order to prepare local troops there for any future crises as tensions escalate.

Earlier this month, DoD sources with insider knowledge told the Washington Post that US troops will soon be en route to the nation of Mali in order to thwart the emerging threat of Islamic extremists, including al-Qaeda aligned insurgents. With the latest news from the Pentagon, though, Mali will be just one of many African nations hosting US troops in the coming year.

According to the AP’s update this week, soldiers will be sent overseas in the new year to assist only with training and equipping efforts, and are not necessarily permitted to participate in military operations. Should the Pentagon ask the troops to engage in battle, however, the secretary of defense could sign off on an order that would allow as much. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal’s Mustang is third best tourist destination across the world

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 25, 2012

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mustang.jpg.570x570_q85Australia: Nepal’s trans Himalayan district, Mustang has succeeded to be the third best tourist destination across the world.

Of the best ten tourist destinations across the world, Mustang was picked for its untarnished natural beauty and scenarios by the Lonely Planet.

Tagged as “Little Tibet” and “The Last Forbiddent Kingdom”, the organisation said that one should visit Mustang before breathing his/her last breath on this planet.

The agency has said that though being a part of Nepal, the Mustang territory shares culture, language with Tibet and that its topography and climate has similarities. Read the rest of this entry »

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Runner-Up: Malala Yousafzai, the Fighter

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 24, 2012

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Ayesha Mir didn’t go to school on Tuesday, Nov. 27, the day after a security guard found a shrapnel-packed bomb under her family’s car. The 17-year-old Pakistani girl assumed, as did most people who learned about the bomb, that it was intended for her father, the television news presenter Hamid Mir, who often takes on the Taliban in his nightly news broadcasts. Traumatized by the near miss, Ayesha spent most of the day curled up in a corner of her couch, unsure whom to be angrier with: the would-be assassins or her father for putting himself in danger. She desperately wanted someone to help her make sense of things.

At around 10:30 p.m., she got her wish. Ayesha’s father had just come home from work, and he handed her his BlackBerry. “She wants to speak to you,” he said. The voice on the phone was weak and cracked, but it still carried the confidence that Ayesha and millions of other Pakistanis had come to know through several high-profile speeches and TV appearances. Read the rest of this entry »

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N. Korea develops missiles capable of reaching US – Seoul

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 24, 2012

An undated image released by South Korea's defence ministry in Seoul December 23, 2012, shows South Korean officers checking a piece of wreckage of North Korea's Unha-3 (Milky Way 3) rocket, at the Agency of Defense Development in Daejeon, south of Seoul (Reuters / Handout)

An undated image released by South Korea’s defence ministry in Seoul December 23, 2012, shows South Korean officers checking a piece of wreckage of North Korea’s Unha-3 (Milky Way 3) rocket, at the Agency of Defense Development in Daejeon, south of Seoul (Reuters / Handout)

Pyongyang is developing missiles capable of reaching the US, South Korean officials have claimed. The allegations came as North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un called for the development of more powerful rockets after the successful launch of a satellite.

The North’s launch of a three-stage Unha-3 rocket on December 12 prompted numerous allegations that the event was a secret missile test, rather than the purported satellite launch. South Korea has claimed that their analysis of the rocket’s debris shows that Pyongyang may have developed technology allowing it to mount a nuclear warhead on a long-range missile.

“Based on our analysis of the material of Unha-3, North Korea had secured a range of more than 10,000 km if the warhead is 500 to 600 kg,” a South Korean Defense Ministry official said on Sunday.

If the claims are true, North Korea has developed missiles capable of reaching the US.

An undated image released by South Korea′s defence ministry in Seoul December 23, 2012, shows a  piece of wreckage of North Korea′s Unha-3 (Milky Way 3) rocket being pulled up by the South Korean navy. A minesweeper equipped with the sonar system detected three parts of the rocket in waters 151 km (94 miles) west of Gunsan city and 85 meters below the sea, according to Yonhap (Reuters / Handout)
An undated image released by South Korea’s defence ministry in Seoul December 23, 2012, shows a piece of wreckage of North Korea’s Unha-3 (Milky Way 3) rocket being pulled up by the South Korean navy. A minesweeper equipped with the sonar system detected three parts of the rocket in waters 151 km (94 miles) west of Gunsan city and 85 meters below the sea, according to Yonhap (Reuters / Handout)

South Korea said Sunday that it had retrieved the key parts of the rocket’s first stage, except for the engine. The parts recovered included the fuel tank – which displayed the digit ‘3’ – a chemical combustion chamber and an engine connection rod, officials reported.

An analysis of the parts will provide a clearer picture of North Korean advances in rocket technology, experts said. Read the rest of this entry »

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Indian International Film Festival Misinforming Buddha Birthplace

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 23, 2012

Buddha

In an Indian International Film Festival in Florida, Tampa Bay, USA from Feb 15-17, 2013 the organizer is going to show 36 minutes video documentary about the Buddha Birth Place claiming that Buddha was born in Orrisa, India. Buddha is synonym to truthfulness. Sometimes artists, sometimes writers and even sometimes diplomats are raising unnecessary issues threatening neighbors’ sovereignty. In the 21st century we must be civilized and not like in Stone Age. We must respect others’ identity. Even to protect truthfulness we must raise our voice to stop that film show.

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