Nepal – the country of the Buddha and the Mt. Everest

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Happy New Year 2070

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 12, 2013


Vikram Samvat (Vikram Samwat, Vikram Sambt, Bikram Samvat, Bikram Samwat, Bikram Sambat or Vikram’s Era) (Devanagari:विक्रम सम्वत्) (abbreviated as V.S. or B.S.) is the calendar established by emperor Vikramaditya. It uses lunar months and solar sidereal year. It, the official calendar of Nepal, is also termed Bikram Sambat, but is computed using the tropical year.

The Vikrama Samvat is said to have been founded by the emperor Vikramaditya following his victory over the Sakas in 56 BCE. It is a lunar calendar based on ancient Hindu tradition (see Hindu calendar and Vedic time keeping). The Vikram Samvat calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian calendar. For example, the year 2056 BS began in CE 1999 and ended in CE 2000. The new year begins with the first day after the new moon, in the month of Chaitra, Chaitra Shuddha 1 or Chaitra Shukla Paksha Prathama; which usually falls in March-April in the Gregorian calendar. The nine-day Navaratri festival season begins on this day, culminating on Ram Navami day. In Nepal, it begins in mid-April and marks the start of the solar new year.

Ram Kumar Shrestha
HAPPY NEW YEAR 2070: Whatever is bright and beautiful, whatever means the most to you, whatever brings you happiness, and these are the things I wish for you and your family. HAPPY NEW YEAR 2070 to you and your family members! Let’s prove this year 2070 as the real victory of all and be optimistic that we will have our new CONSTITUTION soon to take the country in the new direction. 
Photo: HAPPY NEW YEAR 2070: Whatever is bright and beautiful, whatever means the most to you, whatever brings you happiness, and these are the things I wish for you and your family. HAPPY NEW YEAR 2070 to you and your family members! Let’s prove this year 2070 as the real victory of all and be optimistic that we will have our new CONSTITUTION soon to take the country in the new direction.
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  • Komal Bhatta · Friends with Hamro Nepal and 69 others

    नयाँ वर्ष २०७० को उपलक्षमा सुख,शान्ति,सम्वृद्धि र ऐश्वर्यको लागि हार्दिक मंगलमय शुभकामना ब्यक्त गर्दछु !!!!
  • Tilak Bhandari Thank you and same to you/family !
  • Khem Adhikary नयाँ वर्ष २०७० को हार्दिक मंगलमय शुभकामना
  • Kedar Shakya same to you and wish you all the best
  • Hareram Thapa Magar Thank you Sir, same to you and your family,god bless
  • Kunwar Dhan Thanks & same to you.
  • Ramesh Kumar Shrestha Happy New Year in advance bro…
  • Ram Kumar Shrestha हजुरहरु सबैलाई हार्दिक मंगलमय शुभ-कामना!!! हजुरहरु सबै सुखी रहनुहोस, यो नयाँ बर्षले यहाँहरु सबैलाई राम्रा उद्धेस्य प्राप्ती सिर्जनशील कार्यहरु सोंच्न अभिप्रेरित गरोस र ती सबैमा सफलता मिलोस !!!
  • Lumbini Kapilvastu Day Happy New Year 2070 to everybody!!!
  • Rudra Thapa · 14 mutual friends

    Wish You Happy New Year too
  • Bijay Kumar Dhakal GREETING FOR 2070 !
  • Ellinor Broms Warm well wishings to all in the lovely country Nepal!
    20 hours ago via mobile · Unlike · 2
  • Machara Gorkhali Same to you & ur family too Daju .
  • Saroj Dhital Thanks and same to you
  • Sarad Shrestha Thanku paju and same 2 u Ram Kumar Shrestha
    16 hours ago via mobile · Unlike · 2
  • Ram Kumar Shrestha Thanks to everybody and special thanks to Ellinor Broms for your lovely words to our lovely country and and your wish to its people

    This calendar derives its name from the original king Vikramaditya of Ujjain. After the rise of the Rana oligarchs in Nepal, Vikram Sambat came into unofficial use along with the official Shaka Sambat for quite some time. They discontinued Shaka Sambat in its 1823rd year, and replaced it with Vikram Samwat for official use since then to date. Vikram Sambat came into official use in its 1958th year. The calendar is widely in use in western India, where it is known as the Vikram Samvat.

    The date is supposed to mark the victory of king Vikramaditya over the Sakas, who had invaded Ujjain. Alternatively, it has been thought by some scholars to correspond to the Azes era, of the Indo-Scythian king Azes I, but this seems to be now thoroughly discredited by Falk and Bennett who place the inception of the Azes era in 47/6 BC.

    Kalakacharya and the Saka King (Kalakacharya Katha-Manuscript,Prince of Wales Museum, Mumbai
    The story is described in “Kalakacharya Kathanaka”, a much later work by a Jain sage called Mahesara Suri (probably circa 12th century CE). The Kathanaka (meaning, “an account”) tells the story of a famed Jain monk Kalakacharya. It mentions that Gardabhilla, the then-powerful king of Ujjain, abducted a nun called Sarasvati who was the sister of the monk. The enraged monk sought the help of the Saka ruler, a Sahi, in Sakasthana. Despite heavy odds (but aided by miracles) the Saka king defeated Gardabhilla and made him a captive. Sarasvati was repatriated, although Gardabhilla himself was forgiven. The defeated king retired to the forest, where he was killed by a tiger. His son, Vikramaditya, being brought up in the forest, had to rule from Pratishthana (in modern Maharashtra). Later on, Vikramaditya invaded Ujjain and drove away the Sakas. To commemorate this event, he started a new era called the Vikrama era. This story seems to be somewhat jumbled, as the original Vikramaditya began his rule from Ujjain, and not from Pratishthana. The Ujjain calendar started around 56 BCE to 58 BCE, and the subsequent Shalivahan Saka calendar was started in 78 AD at Pratishthan.

    The traditional New Year of Bikram Samwat is one of the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family gatherings, the exchange of good wishes, and participation in rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year. It occurs in mid-April each year, and coincides with the traditional new year in Assam, Bengal, Maharashtra,Burma, Cambodia, Kerala, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu and Thailand.

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