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Posts Tagged ‘Earthquake’

Getting ready for the Big One: Japan chooses disaster-alternative capital

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on July 16, 2012

The skyline of Osaka, Japan (Reuters / Kimimasa Mayama)

The skyline of Osaka, Japan (Reuters / Kimimasa Mayama)

The Japanese government is considering unparalleled counter-measures to withstand the inevitable earthquakes and tsunamis awaiting Japan in the future. Experts propose preparation of emergency government offices in the country’s five major cities.

One of the main anti-earthquake emergency measures proposed by the Central Disaster Prevention Council is a recommendation to be ready to transfer central government offices, as well as the Bank of Japan and other facilities, in case Tokyo is devastated by a tsunami. The country’s major cities, Fukuoka, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo and Sendai are recommended as suitable substitutes because they already have some governmental facilities and branches of the Bank of Japan, Kyodo reports.

A draft report prepared by the Council says a natural disaster damaging administrative, economic and political functions of the central government would “affect our country’s future.Read the rest of this entry »

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Largest earthquake in three decades rocks Victoria

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on June 20, 2012

  • Erin Michael 
Melbourne earthquake

Source: Herald Sun

Quake 1

Items were shook off shelves at the Chemist Warehouse in Morwell, Victoria. Source:Supplied

A MAGNITUDE 5.3 earthquake shook homes, cracked windows and walls, and threw residents from their chairs.

Millions across Victoria felt the tremor, which had an epicentre 16km south-west of Moe, at theLatrobe Valley in Victoria’s east.

The quake struck at 8.53pm and lasted for 30 seconds, Geoscience Australia spokesman Chris Thompson said.

Up to four aftershocks have been felt surrounding the earthquakes epicentre in the La Trobe Valley in the states east, he said.

”We’ve had reports from central Melbourne and as far as right up the top of the state. Most people would have felt it,” Mr Thompson said.

 SES spokesman Lachlan Quick said 25 calls for assistance had been lodged to the emergency service for low-level damage.

“We’ve been called to residential properties with minor damage from Mt Martha to Preston; Morwell to Moe,” he said. Read the rest of this entry »

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‘Marsquake’, How Earthquakes On Mars Could Sustain Alien Life (PICTURES)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on February 25, 2012

 

Recent earthquakes on Mars point at the existence of active volcanoes and liquid reservoirs that could sustain life on the Red Planet.

A recent quake with a magnitude of 7 is thought to have occurred after scientists analysed tracks made by boulders that toppled from a Martian cliff.

The paths of the rocks, which ranged from 6.5 to 65 feet in diameter, were captured by Nasa’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and were analysed by a University of London team. Read the rest of this entry »

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‘Miracle Baby’ Azra Karaduman Found In The Rubble After Turkish Earthquake (Video)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 25, 2011

 

A two-week-old baby girl has been pulled out alive from the rubble of an apartment block that collapsed in the Turkish earthquake.

The baby, who has been named as Azra Karaduman, was rescued along with her mother on Tuesday after hours of heavy digging.

The rescue came nearly 48 hours after the 7.2-magnitude earthquake toppled around 2,000 buildings in eastern Turkey. Azra’s grandmother was also pulled from the wreckage, reports said.

Hope of finding any of the three generations alive had been fading in the town of Ercis. The earthquake, which struck on Sunday, has killed at least 370 people and left at least 1,300 people injured.

Seven other people were rescued from the rubble on Tuesday. However, baby Azra’s father was still missing.

Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Photos: Hundreds Dead In Turkey Earthquake

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 24, 2011

Turkey suffers a lot of earthquakes. But Sunday’s was a big one. A 7.2-magnitude quake struck the eastern part of the country, killing at least 270 people. But as rescuers scramble to pull survivors from the wreckage, there are fears the death toll could rise to 1,000 or more.

Up to 80 buildings collapsed in Ercis, including a dormitory, and 10 buildings in Van, the Telegraph reported. quoting the Turkish Red Crescent.

There have long been fears that a large earthquake could strike the Turkish megacity of Istanbul. If a quake of Sunday’s magnitude did strike Istanbul, which is Turkey’s capital, analysts fear that the unprepared metropolis would suffer massive amounts of damage and loss of life.

Turkey has a long history of powerful earthquakes. In 1999, a quake killed about 18,000 people. Turkey straddles two massive tectonic plates: the Eurasia and the Africa/Arabia plates.

Turkey earthquake 1 20111024

1

Yunus, a 13-year-old earthquake survivor with a hand of a victim on his shoulder, waits to be rescued from under a collapsed building by rescue workers in Ercis, near the eastern Turkish city of Van. Oct. 24, 2011.

(Umit Bektas – Reuters)

Turkey earthquake 2 20111024
2

A view shows damaged buildings amid debris after an earthquake in Ercis, near the eastern Turkish city of Van. Oct. 24, 2011. Read the rest of this entry »

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The World’s Most Earthquake-Vulnerable Cities

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 20, 2011

Tiffany M. Luck

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In Pictures: The 20 Most Earthquake-Vulnerable Cities
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Earthquake Reaction And Overreaction
The World’s Most Earthquake-Vulnerable Cities
China’s Mandate Of Heaven
A Tale of Two Disasters
Quake Could Rock China Life
Economic Impact Of China’s Great Quake

The earthquake in China’s Sichuan province killed perhaps 15,000 people and left thousands of people buried under heaps of rubble.

And while a massive quake like this one–magnitude 7.9–would undoubtedly do damage to any world city, the death toll and degree of destruction has more to do with investment in well-designed infrastructure capable of handling a massive earthquake than the quake itself. Unlike the Beijing Olympic venues, built to withstand a magnitude 8.0 earthquake, the majority of China’s infrastructure in the area proved ill-prepared for a shock like Monday’s–felt as far away as Hanoi, Vietnam, and Bangkok, Thailand.

Blame the mortality spread on exponential population growth, increasing poverty and lax or nonexistent building codes. In short: Poor nations–like China–run far greater risk of earthquake fatalities than rich ones.

In Pictures: The World’s Most Earthquake-Vulnerable Cities

GeoHazards International, a nonprofit research group aiming to reduce suffering due to natural disasters, measured the lethal potential of seismic disasters facing small and large cities in Asia and the Americas–areas most at risk for seismic calamity. The sample cities spanned both developed and developing countries. Variables measured: building frailty, potential for landslides and fires, and the rescue, firefighting and life-saving medical abilities of local authorities.

Kathmandu, Nepal, ranked first in the 2001 study, followed by Istanbul, Turkey; Delhi, India; Quito, Ecuador; Manila, Philippines; and Islambad/Rawalpindi, Pakistan–all of which could expect fatalities in the tens of thousands if disaster struck. The only first-world cities on the list were in Japan: Tokyo, Nagoya and Kobe. Fatalities in these cities were estimated in the hundreds, not thousands.

Events since then show the estimates to be fairly accurate, if not low. The magnitude 7.6 quake that struck the Kashmir region of Pakistan in October 2005 killed more than 73,000 people, many in remote parts of the country, not dense urban centers like Islamabad. Geohazard’s study predicted a 6.0 hit on Pakistan’s capitol would kill 12,500 people.

In a 2004 paper, Brian E. Tucker of GeoHazards warned the problem would become worse, citing a study of estimated earthquake fatalities based on population growth and construction changes in northern India. One scary finding: A magnitude 8.3 earthquake striking Shillong might kill 60 times as many people as were killed during a similar size quake that hit in 1897, even though the population of the region has increased by only a factor of about eight since then. Reason: The replacement of single-story bamboo homes with multistory, poorly constructed concrete-frame structures, often on steep slopes, has made the population much more vulnerable. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal earthquake: Biggest earthquake in 80 years kills nine

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 19, 2011

The nine ft wall fencing the compound of the British Embassy in the Lainchaur area of the capital, close to the Indian Embassy, collapsed. Nine people were killed, while over 100 people had received injuries with hundreds of houses and buildings collapsing.

Biggest earthquake in 80 years in Nepal and in 20 years in the Himalayan Region.

ECONOMICTIMES:

KATHMANDU: After initial panic and chaos, prayers began to be offered in Nepal with the realisation that

An eight-year-old child was among three killed after the wall of the British embassy in Nepal collapsed

the earthquake that hit its eastern region and capital city Kathmandu along with India on Sunday could have wreaked far greater devastation, being the biggest in almost eight decades. Nine people were killed.

As the resilient Himalayan state began to limp back to normal Monday following a trembler measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale, the toll had risen to at least nine with the news of another unconfirmed casualty, while over 100 people had received injuries with hundreds of houses and buildings collapsing.

The cramped capital, full of decrepit houses and little adherence to building regulations, suffered with three people dying in a wall collapse while over 50 were injured trying to jump down from windows and balconies in the panic.

Police said Monday the nine ft wall fencing the compound of the British Embassy in the Lainchaur area of the capital, close to the Indian Embassy, collapsed Sunday evening, soon after the jolt, smashing down on a two-wheeler, a car and a pedestrian.

Sajan Shrestha, a 38-year-old security guard employed by the Danish government’s aid agency Danida was riding past the embassy on his two-wheeler with his teenaged daughter Anisha when the concrete wall fell on them, injuring both severely.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Magnitude 6.8 quake with epicenter in Sikkim

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 18, 2011

Intensity of Earthquake. Source:USGS

Nepal: 5 died, 27 injured. British embassy compound wall collapsed in Kathmandu.

Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 6.9
Date-Time
Location 27.723°N, 88.064°E
Depth 19.7 km (12.2 miles)
Region SIKKIM, INDIA
Distances 68 km (42 miles) NW of Gangtok, Sikkim, India
119 km (73 miles) NNW of Shiliguri, West Bengal, India
272 km (169 miles) E of KATHMANDU, Nepal
572 km (355 miles) N of Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal, India
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 13.5 km (8.4 miles); depth +/- 3.5 km (2.2 miles)
Parameters NST=344, Nph=348, Dmin=371.8 km, Rmss=1.21 sec, Gp= 22°,
M-type=”moment” magnitude from initial P wave (tsuboi method) (Mi/Mwp), Version=C
Source
  • Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usc0005wg6
  • Did you feel it? Report shaking and damage at your location. You can also view a map displaying accumulated data from your report and others.

15 minutes ago: NEW DELHI (Reuters) – A magnitude 6.8 earthquake hit a remote area in northeastern India on Sunday evening, killing at least two people and damaging buildings and blocking roads, as well as killing four in neighboring Nepal, officials said.

One child died in Sikkim state, the epicenter of the earthquake, and another person died in Bihar state as a result of a stampede sparked by the quake, CNN-IBN broadcaster said.

The Himalayan region is prone to landslides and many high-rise buildings have come up in Sikkim’s mountain towns over the last few years of economic boom. There were concerns that the toll could rise as information arrived from remote areas.

In neighboring Nepal, four people died.

“Four people were injured when a wall collapsed after the quake. All of them were rushed to hospital but 3 died during treatment,” said Kedar Rijal, the chief of Kathmandu police.

Several buildings collapsed in Sikkim’s capital Gangtok, and widespread power cuts were reported across the northeastern state, television channels said.

There were also reports of landslides in Sikkim and West Bengal state. Read the rest of this entry »

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Japan Prime Minister Naoto Kan Says He Will Consider Resigning

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on June 2, 2011


Just to complain is not a problem, but it was unbearable tragedy.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Japan Earthquake 2011: Cabinet Approves Nearly $50 Billion In Spending For Post-Earthquake Rebuilding

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 22, 2011


This wonderful country spoiled a lot due to this dreadful tragedy, however; this country will be able to do everything to bring the country in a normal stage soon.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Japan Earthquake Today: 6.3 Magnitude Temblor Hits Off Coast

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 21, 2011


God! This is too much.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Honshu Japan Mw 9.0 Earthquake: March 11, 2011

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 16, 2011

The Japan earthquake was the largest source of ocean sound ever recorded on our hydrophone arrays. This unique record gives us insight into the physics behind how sound is transmitted from the Earth’s crust into the ocean and then propagates through the Pacific Ocean basin. These insights help us gauge the size and scale of other submarine earthquakes and volcanic eruptions we record that were not detected by other sensor networks. We also plan to analyze the hydrophone record for evidence of a pressure signal from the tsunami, which will provide additional information and help our understanding of tsunami propagation in the ocean.

 Below are 2 sound files and an example spectrogram from hydrophones that recorded the seismic and acoustic arrivals for the Honshu Japan Mw 9.0 earthquake. The first sound file is from a hydrophone located in the central north Pacific, the second sound file and spectrogram is from a hydrophone located near the Aleutian Islands.

 View YouTube movie about the undersea hydrophone and listen to the event:

Listen to the earthquake (sound has been sped up 16 times):

P-wave sound (sendai-pwave-sound.wav) Read the rest of this entry »

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Operator Of Japan Nuclear Power Plant Says Radiation-Tainted Water Has Stopped Leaking Into Ocean

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 6, 2011


Todays good news. World leaders must take lesson from this accident and we world citizen must give pressure to world leaders to be serious with nuclear plant.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Indonesia Earthquake: Strong Java Quake Prompts Tsunami Warning

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 4, 2011


No more Tsunami please.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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Japan Nuclear Crisis: Radioactive Water Leaks Into Sea From Crippled Plant

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 2, 2011


This is really terrible.
Read the Article at HuffingtonPost

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