Nepal – the country of the Buddha and the Mt. Everest

Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without – Buddha

Posts Tagged ‘Maoist’

Binod Chaudhary – First Nepalese in Forbes’ Global Billionaires list

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 5, 2013

Binod Chaudhary

First Global billionaire from the country of the Buddha and the Mt. Everest

Binod Chaudhary has become the first Nepali to be enrolled in Forbes’ global billionaires list, with net worth said to be at US$1 billion.

Fifty-seven-year-old Chaudhary, who skipped college to join family business at the age of 18, is listed as 1,342nd richest person in the world and has been termed as the richest person in Nepal by Forbes, an American business magazine which publishes billionaires’ list every year.

Chaudhary shares his global billionaire ranking with 84 other individuals who have also been ranked 1,342nd richest people on the Earth.

In a twitter update, Chaudhary said it was a “rare honor and recognition for a non-Indian South Asian”

This is what the magazine writes under the title Himalayan Vistas

Binod Chaudhary took business to the limits in old Nepal. He argues its new Maoist-led regime should mean a wider berth.

At the foothills of the Himalayas lies the world’s newest republic and, potentially, a tourists’ paradise. But a decade-long civil war by Maoist rebels, a troubled monarchy and ineffective governments have stunted Nepal’s economic growth to the point of stagnation. The aftermath is visible to any visitor to Kathmandu, the capital. Cars and motorbikes clog either side of the road to the airport, waiting to get their limited quota of gasoline from neighborhood stations. The wait can mean a day off from work just to tank up. Even as fuel got dearer–Nepal imports all its requirements from India–the outgoing Nepali Congress-led government dithered to the last in raising prices. Kathmandu’s residents have learned to live with much more deprivation than fuel rationing–four- to eight-hour power outages daily and an acute shortage of drinking water.

Now the Maoists have ousted Nepal’s unpopular king and are closing in on power through a coalition after grabbing a 30% popular-vote plurality in April elections. The new Constituent Assembly has already sent the creaky 240-year-old monarchy packing. Read the rest of this entry »

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Dishanirdesh with C K Lal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on February 4, 2013

Nice analytic interview

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LUMBINI REBORN, NEPAL REBORN, BUDDHA REBORN

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on February 25, 2012

[Lumbini-Kapilvastu Day Movement does not endorse the opinions of the author.]

NEPAL: THE NEW RAINBOW NATION?

By Gabriel Lafitte

Among Tibetans and their supporters worldwide, Nepal evokes dread. The news out of Nepal is invariably bad. The 20,000 Tibetan refugees in settlements are prisoners, unable to move freely, unable to obtain certification of their refugee status, unable to find employment or get an education, stigmatized and excluded. They may not publicly vote, protest or even hold religious celebrations of the birthdays of their most revered lamas.

China’s power over Nepal extends to equipping and financing the armed forces to patrol the border with Tibet, to apprehend Tibetans using the only route of escape. China’s ability to get the Nepali army to do its security work is aided by the willingness of Nepali politicians to be seduced by the largesse of China’s aid program, no strings attached, no accountability auditing of where the money went. From the outside, it seems that Nepal, riven by revolution, is agreed on only one thing, right across the spectrum, from Maoists to royalists: no-one likes the Tibetans.

It is not just the elite that is prejudiced. The Tibetans, like the landless urban poor in the Kathmandu slums along the riverbanks, are considered sukumbasi, a term so broad it includes all the excluded, the displaced, landless, unacknowledged refugees, with no means of subsistence, suspected of thievery, gold smuggling and an inclination for criminality. Sukumbasi are feared and sneered at, especially by the upper caste Bahun Hindus who depict them as dangerous outsiders, despoilers, polluters of the rivers, a threat to the nation. The slum dwellers are seen as puppets of the Maoists, a rent-a-mob willing to swarm into the city on command to fill rallies with their shouts. The sukumbasi are said to have toppled the king, and that behind the scenes, they are tools of foreign meddlers or get undeserved help from NGOs. Read the rest of this entry »

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China’s Latest Bid to Flex Its Regional Muscle and Intimidate Tibet

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 23, 2011

By Ellen Bork

Kathmandu—After four prime ministers in four years, Nepal might finally be entering a period of stability. On November 1, Nepalese politicians reached a deal on demobilizing nearly 20,000 Maoist fighters who have been in limbo since a 2006 peace agreement ended the ten year insurgency. A second priority, drafting a constitution, may now also be within reach thanks to a compromise on power sharing among the major political parties.

But at the same time, Nepal has become the subject of a high stakes battle for influence between China, which occupies Tibet on Nepal’s northern border, and India, which surrounds the country on all other sides. Nepal’s current prime minister, Baburam Bhattarai, sent a signal by making his first trip abroad to Delhi last month, and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will visit next year. But Chinese officials have responded with a full-court press of their own: Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan airport has seen a steady stream of Chinese officials, including the head of China’s People’s Liberation Army, who inked a $20 million military-aid deal with the Nepalese army. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, for his part, will visit Nepal in December.

At this stage it’s unclear who will prevail in this Sino-Indian struggle for influence, but one issue that is shaping up to be an important bellwether is Nepal’s role as a haven and way station for Tibetan refugees. In recent months China has set its sights on closing off this avenue to Tibetans, and it has stepped up the pressure it exerts on Nepal accordingly. India, which provides a home for the Dalai Lama and the democratic, exile government of Tibet, has a strategic stake in seeing Nepal stand up to Chinese pressure. How Nepal responds to China’s aggressive new campaign to cut off aid for Tibetans will indicate just how much influence the Chinese have in Kathmandu.

NEPAL’S COMMUNITY OF an estimated 25,000 Tibetan refugees dates mainly from China’s conquest of Tibet in the 1950s. Some are resistance fighters or their descendants. New refugees no longer settle in Nepal, but under the 1990 “Gentleman’s Agreement” between the Nepalese government and the UN High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR), Tibetans who make it across the mountainous frontier—anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand each year—are brought to the capital, Kathmandu, several hours away by car. Once there, they are documented and quickly sent on to India. Nepal has been a part of the escape path for numerous important Tibetans, including the Karmapa Lama, a young, charismatic monk who fled Tibet in a dramatic escape in 1999 when he was 14 years old. Some hope he will assume an important leadership role in the Tibetan cause when the current Dalai Lama, now 76, dies.   Read the rest of this entry »

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Breaking News:Leaders seal the ‘Peace Deal’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 1, 2011

KATHMANDU, NOV 01 – The peace process that was started five years ago in 2006 is likely to witness its logical conclusion. The meeting of the top brass leaders of the major political parties—Nepali Congress, CPN-UML, UCPN (Maoist) and the Samyukta Loktantrik Madhesi Morcha—on Tuesday agreed on contentious issues of the peace process and sealed the deal.

UML leader Bhim Rawal publicised the deal amid a press conference organised at the Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai’s official residence in Baluwatar.

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, NC President Sushil Koirala and UML Chairman Jhala Nath Khanal signed on the pact at PM’s residence.

According to highly placed source, the leaders have agreed to integrate 6,500 former Maoist combatants into the Nepal Army in an individual basis. Likewise, the rehabilitation package has been agreed upon Rs. 500,000 to Rs. 800,000 as per the rank of the combatants, the source added.

Meanwhile, Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal is trying to take his deputy Mohan Baidya—leader of the party’s hardliner faction—into confidence.

As soon as Baidya agrees, the leaders are close to signing a peace deal, sources said.

Likewise, the leaders have reached an understanding to form a technical panel for the rank determination of the combatants. Read the rest of this entry »

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Deputy chief of former rebels elected new Nepal PM

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 28, 2011

BINAJ GURUBACHARYA

KATMANDU, Nepal — Nepal’s parliament elected the deputy leader of the former Maoist rebels as the new prime minister on Sunday, halting the Himalayan nation’s latest political crisis.

Baburam Bhattarai of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) received 340 votes in the 601-seat parliament with the backing of several smaller parties. That was more than the simple majority needed to be elected.

Bhattarai’s only opponent, Ram Chandra Poudel of the Nepali Congress party, received 235 votes.

The political crisis was triggered by former Prime Minister Jhalnath Khanal’s resignation on Aug. 14 after he failed to make process in drafting a long-delayed constitution. It had taken Khanal 17 rounds of votes in parliament over seven months to be elected in February, while Bhattarai was selected in the first attempt.

Bhattarai, 57, is the second-highest leader of the Maoist group which fought government troops until 2006 demanding political reforms and an end to the centuries-old monarchy.

Bhattarai remained in hiding during the 10 years of fighting. The bloody revolt began in mountain villages in western Nepal in 1996 but spread to most of the country by the time the rebels gave up their revolt and joined a peace process under United Nations supervision. Read the rest of this entry »

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China to develop Lumbini in Nepal with USD 3 bln investment

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 9, 2011

From Shirish B Pradhan Kathmandu, Aug 9 (PTI) China today said it has signed a USD 3 billion deal with Nepal to develop Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha by constructing an airport and other facilities in the southern region, adjoining India.Dismissing media reports about having a secret pact with Nepalese authorities, China has clarified that it has signed an agreement with Nepal’s Tourism Minister to launch the controversial mega project. Chinese Ambassador to Nepal Yang Houlan told a Madhesi party that they had signed the Memorandum of Understanding with Tourism Minister Khagda Bahadur, also a Maoist leader, regarding the mega project involving construction of airport, roads, hotels and other facilities to develop the area of southern Nepal adjoined to India. Read the rest of this entry »

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History of Indian Conspirator Intervention in Nepal (1950-2011)

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 27, 2011

By Dirgha Raj Prasai

Nepal is a landlocked nation. It borders China in the north and India in the south. Defending its sovereign identity from these two giant nations is Nepal’s nationalistic strategy.

The unfortunate fact is that a majority of our political leaders are Indian agents. It is worthless to expect from these leaders to save our nationality and independence. Unless the traitors and corrupt leaders dominating the big parties (Congress, UML, and Maoists) are chased away, democracy and nationalism will not be secured.

There is no alternative to parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy in Nepal. But it does not mean that we follow Indian orders and perish Nepal’s identity. The definition of Nepal’s nationality is to maintain balanced bilateral diplomatic ties with both countries, China and India, based on democracy and by protecting its pride.

Cordial people to people level relations between Nepal and India has existed since ancient times. We have to keep friendly relations with India due to our similar cultural and religious traditions. But sadly Indian congress, ever since coming to power has been striving to destabilize Nepal. India, through its intelligence agency ‘RAW’, has been found continuously involved in destabilizing our national identities – royal institution, Hindu Kingdom and national language, which were developed along with the ideology of national unity, security and national identity. RAW through its agents in the Nepali Congress, UML and Maoist parties is now pressing for autonomous federal states on communal basis. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks Nepal Document:In Nepal, ‘India’s Frankenstein’s monster’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 15, 2011

P. Sainath

MUMBAI: “New Delhi seems oblivious to how close the Maoists are getting to victory here. That makes sense: New Delhi godfathered the working relationship between the Maoists and the Parties and doesn’t want to acknowledge that it might have created a Frankenstein’s monster. Moreover, India’s Marxist party (a key supporter of the governing coalition) has proclaimed that everything here is going just fine. In that context, I hope that a discussion on Nepal will feature prominently in future conversations with senior Indian leaders.”

That was James F. Moriarty, U.S. Ambassador to Nepal, writing home to the State Department, in his cable headlined “Crunch time in Nepal?,” dated September 22, 2006 (79370: secret/ noforn).

“We need to do more to keep the Indians in lock step with us,” the cable goes on. “I coordinate closely with my Indian counterpart here and in private he pushes the exact same message I do: that the police need to enforce law and order and that the GoN [Government of Nepal] should not let armed Maoists into an interim government.”

“I was more than a little annoyed to find out, however, that the Indian Embassy had complained to the PM’s office about our training activities with the Nepal Army….” This last one was “the incident” which “underscored the fact that, while worried about current trends, New Delhi seems “oblivious to how close the Maoists are getting to victory here.” Read the rest of this entry »

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‘Expectations were greater than mandate’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 15, 2011

Karin Landgren, Representative of the UN Secretary General, is leaving Nepal on Jan 16 after two-and-a-half years in Nepal as the head of the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN). Before her appointment as the Chief of UNMIN on Feb 3, 2009, she was the deputy special representative of the Secretary General in Nepal from September 2008.

As the 54-year old former adjunct professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs is heading for Burundi next week to take up her new responsibility as the Special Representative of the Secretary General in Burundi, Republica’s Kiran Chapagain talked to her about her views on UNMIN’s stay in Nepal for four years, her experience in Nepal, issues related to the UN mission and the peace process. Excerpts:

How will UNMIN’s exit impact the peace process?

We should look at the immediate short-term impact and the potentially longer-term impact. In the short-term, as the Secretary General said in his latest report, the timing and conditions of UNMIN’s departure are not the best. The parties have not come to fresh agreements on monitoring yet. And the monitoring task is not, objectively, finished. The task of integrating and rehabilitating the Maoist army has not progressed. The promised actions in the Nepal Army (NA) [democratization and right sizing] too have not taken place.  Read the rest of this entry »

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India: 58% in AP say Naxalism is good, finds TOI poll

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 6, 2010

The Times of India: India’s biggest internal security threat, as the Prime Minister famously described it, may be

A clear 58% majority of those polled in Maoist-dominant areas of AP, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa said Naxalism had actually been good for their area.

worse than you thought. That’s because even in Andhra Pradesh, where the battle against the Maoists has apparently been won, it turns out that the government is losing the battle for the minds and hearts of the people.

It’s a debate that’s been raging within the Congress, and outside it. Should the government adopt a largely law-and-order attitude towards the Maoists and deal with them like criminals or should the focus be more on cutting the ground from under their feet through a development agenda that wins over the population of the affected areas?

An exclusive survey of the once Maoist-dominated districts of the Telengana region by IMRB, well-known market research organisation, for The Times of India has found that while attitudes towards the rebels are ambivalent, the condemnation of the government and its means of tackling the problem is quite clear.

The findings raise disturbing questions about whether focusing largely on the policing aspects of the problem may be a flawed strategy in the long run. They also throw up another poser: Has the battle in AP truly been won or can the Maoists stage a comeback in a few years?  Read the rest of this entry »

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Maoists call Bharat bandh to protest Obama visit

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 6, 2010

The Hindu: Maoists today called for a 24-hour nationwide shutdown on November 8 to protest against the visit of U.S. President Barack Obama.

“The Maoist Central Committee will observe a 24-hour Bharat bandh on November 8,” Maoist Central Committee member Kishenji told PTI over the phone from an undisclosed location.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi were out to sell the country to American imperialism and Mr Obama’s visit to the country was just another step in the process, Kishenji alleged.

The elusive Maoist leader also termed CPI(M)’s protest programmes over Mr Obama’s visit on the same date as a “drama”.

“Today’s CPI(M) and all other Communist parties in the country have turned into an integral part of the capitalist culture to exploit people,” he claimed.

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Maoists kill 6 policemen in E India

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on October 23, 2010

Press TV: A powerful bomb explosion triggered by suspected Maoists has killed at least six policemen and wounded

Maoist rebels frequently target Indian police conveys that pass through their strongholds.

several others in eastern India.

The casualties came after a hidden mine targeted police vehicles over a small bridge in Bihar’s Sheohar district, the dpa reported.

The incident comes as a month-long electoral process to choose the state legislative assembly is taking place in the volatile region.

Security has been tightened and hundreds of additional troops have been deployed in several districts across the state.

The Maoist militancy has now spread to 20 of the 28 Indian states. Bihar is one of the several states in the east and central India where Maoists groups are active.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal fails in eighth attempt to elect new premier

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 27, 2010

AFP

KATHMANDU: Nepal’s Maoist party called Sunday for the formation of a new power-sharing government after

Nepal has been without a government since June 30

parliament failed for the eighth time to elect a new prime minister.

The former rebels abstained from Sunday’s vote, the latest in a series of attempts to elect a new leader for the troubled country, which has been without a government for almost three months.

Their candidate, party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, earlier withdrew from the running to be prime minister to pave the way for fresh talks on forming a national consensus government.

Nepal has been without a government since June 30, when former prime minister Madhav Kumar Nepal stood down under intense pressure from the Maoists.

Since then, the parties have been unable to agree on the shape of the new administration and a series of votes in the 601-member parliament have proved inconclusive, with none of the candidates securing an overall majority.

“It is clear that we cannot elect a new prime minister in this way. We should now look to form a national unity government,” said Maoist vice chairman Baburam Bhattarai after the vote.

The Maoists, who fought a decade-long civil war against the state before transforming themselves into a political party and winning elections in 2008, hold the largest number of seats in parliament, but not enough to govern alone.

Dahal, a former warlord who still goes by his nom de guerre, Prachanda (“the fierce one”), was the front-runner in earlier votes, but failed to win the simple majority he needed to form a new government.

His only rival, Ram Chandra Poudel, chairman of the second-largest party in parliament, the centrist Nepali Congress, stood uncontested on Sunday but took only 116 votes.

The next vote is due to be held on September 30.

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Dahal disapproves Indian interference

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on August 5, 2010

SOUTH ASIAN MEDIA NET / EKANTIPUR

KATHMANDU: The United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) says it can never accept foreign intervention in the efforts to form a new government. The Maoists’ remarks came immediately after the arrival of former Indian foreign secretary Shyam Sharan as a special envoy to Nepal.

The decision came in a meeting of Maoist office-bearers held at the home of party Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal in Nayabazaar.

The visiting Indian envoy is scheduled to meet Mr Dahal.

The party has also reiterated its stand that it will never withdraw its candidacy from the fourth round of parliamentary election to pick a new prime minister scheduled for Friday. The meeting has also urged the Constituent Assembly parties to lend support to the party in the prime ministerial election.

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