Nepal – the country of the Buddha and the Mt. Everest

Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without – Buddha

Posts Tagged ‘Peace process’

Nepal Army takes charge of cantonments

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 11, 2012

Kathmandu, April 10: In a dramatic turn of events, the Nepal Army and the Armed Police Force on Tuesday took control of all the

Developed handshake culture

Maoist cantonments, their security, arms and the combatants as the security situation deteriorated in the cantonments and the chain of command of the Maoist army turned dysfunctional.

The army and the APF were deployed for security at the cantonments — APF is responsible for security of three satellite cantonment — following an instruction from the government. A company led by a Nepal Army major has been deployed for the security of each main cantonment while a platoon under a captain has been deployed at each satellite cantonment.

The government issued the instruction as per the decision of the Special Committee meeting held following a meeting of the top leaders of the major three parties.

“The situation in the cantonments seemed to be going out of control of the commanders. The chain of command in the cantonments became dysfunctional,” said Balananda Sharma, coordinator of the secretariat of the Special Committee, of the dramatic move taken by the government and the Special Committee.

“We also fear that arms used for the security of the perimeter of the cantonments might also be taken out,” he further said.

By 10 pm, the army had taken control of the arms and security at the cantonments in Chitwan and Ilam, according to Sharma, while the process of handing over the arms and the security of the cantonments at Surkhet, Rolpa and Nawalparsi was under way.
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Ban welcomes agreement on outstanding issues of Nepal’s peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 3, 2011

Demonstation on the streets of Kathmandu in favour of drafting a new constitution for Nepal

2 November 2011 –

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today welcomed the agreement reached among Nepal’s political parties on resolving the outstanding issues related to the integration and rehabilitation of Maoist combatants and the drafting of a new constitution.

The leaders of the country’s four main parties reportedly agreed late Tuesday to integrate one-third of around 19,000 former Maoist rebels into the army and the remainder will receive monetary compensation. Read the rest of this entry »

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Peace Process Agreement PAL

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 2, 2011

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Breakthrough in peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 1, 2011


KATHMANDU, Nov 2: In a rare show of political consensus, major political parties on Tuesday set aside their differences and signed a historic seven-point deal on management of ex-Maoist combatants and on concluding the peace process despite objection from the Mohan Baidya faction of the Maoist party.

This is the most important breakthrough in the home-grown peace process after the signing of the epoch-making Comprehensive Peace Agreement on November 21, 2006.

The peace process had remained largely stalled for the past five years as parties could not agree on the modality of integration and rehabilitation of ex-Maoist fighters.

As per the deal reached Tuesday evening at Baluwatar, the much-awaited categorization of over 19,000 ex-combatants will be completed by November 23. Under the categorization process, the ex-combatants will be segregated in three groups — those to be integrated, rehabilitated and those to be given retirement.

The parties will also in the meantime work simultaneously for forming a national consensus government while expediting works on the peace process and constitution drafting.

Under the deal, the parties have agreed to integrate up to 6,500 ex-combatants into the Nepal Army by setting up a separate directorate in the army. The directorate will comprise 65 percent personnel from government security agencies and the remaining 35 percent from the Maoist army. Such a directorate will have non-combative mandate for development, security of forests, industries, and management calamity.

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Breaking News:Leaders seal the ‘Peace Deal’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on November 1, 2011

KATHMANDU, NOV 01 – The peace process that was started five years ago in 2006 is likely to witness its logical conclusion. The meeting of the top brass leaders of the major political parties—Nepali Congress, CPN-UML, UCPN (Maoist) and the Samyukta Loktantrik Madhesi Morcha—on Tuesday agreed on contentious issues of the peace process and sealed the deal.

UML leader Bhim Rawal publicised the deal amid a press conference organised at the Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai’s official residence in Baluwatar.

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, NC President Sushil Koirala and UML Chairman Jhala Nath Khanal signed on the pact at PM’s residence.

According to highly placed source, the leaders have agreed to integrate 6,500 former Maoist combatants into the Nepal Army in an individual basis. Likewise, the rehabilitation package has been agreed upon Rs. 500,000 to Rs. 800,000 as per the rank of the combatants, the source added.

Meanwhile, Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal is trying to take his deputy Mohan Baidya—leader of the party’s hardliner faction—into confidence.

As soon as Baidya agrees, the leaders are close to signing a peace deal, sources said.

Likewise, the leaders have reached an understanding to form a technical panel for the rank determination of the combatants. Read the rest of this entry »

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A report card on Nepal’s peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on June 17, 2011

By Prashant Jha

A fortnight after Nepal’s Constituent Assembly’s term was extended for three months, there is good news from Kathmandu. All parties have shown a degree of urgency and seriousness, which was missing in the past two-and-a-half years. The peace process, largely understood as settling the future of Maoist combatants through a process of integration into security organs and rehabilitation into society, is finally moving forward. And the political class has been mature enough not to immediately get into another round of wrangling for power, but focus on the bigger picture.

But there is a caveat. Difficult decisions regarding the details of the peace process have yet to be taken. The same urgency is not quite visible in the constitution-drafting exercise. And a new power-sharing arrangement will have to be worked out at some point. All of this is complicated by the inner divisions within the Maoists, the key driver of the process.

Ending dual security

Within a week of the extension, the Maoists delivered on an informal commitment they had made to the other parties during the negotiations when the Assembly’s term was ending. Top leaders of the party had continued to be protected by both state security personnel and combatants of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army (PLA). More than 90 weapons owned by the party, registered by the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) in 2007, were outside the containers for the protection of these leaders. The non-Maoist political class had demanded that the Maoists give up this “dual security” system. While the Maoists did not feel secure enough, relying exclusively on personnel of the “old regime” they had fought, the other parties saw in it remnants of the parallel state that the Maoists had maintained during the insurgency. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: WikiLeaks reveals US intervention against peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 4, 2011

Maoist activist.

Secret US diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks on March 15 show that former US ambassador to Nepal, James Moriarty, actively sought to destabilise Nepal’s peace process in order to prevent a Maoist rise to power.

The Maoist-led People’s Liberation Army waged a decade-long “people’s war” against Nepal’s centuries-old feudal monarchy. A people’s uprising in 2006 brought the monarchy down, opening the way for an elected constituent assembly in 2008.

The Maoists won the largest number of seats. After the government led by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) was overturned by a soft coup led by top generals in 2009, the constitutional process was blocked.

A peace process was established as part of a democratic transformation. But it has been frustrated by the old elite, especially by the top ranks of the royalist Nepalese Army.

The cables reveal Moriarty as a bitter man, utterly convinced that the peace process endorsed by the Maoists in 2006 was a temporary ploy to help them advance their revolutionary agenda.

They show how determined he was to block that process.

One key cable was dated September 22, 2006. The monarchy had just been toppled in a huge popular uprising, during which the Maoist revolutionaries and the more mainstream and conservative political parties united to bring down the dictatorial king. Read the rest of this entry »

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Maoist combatants formally come under Special Committee amidst grand ceremony in Shaktikhor

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 22, 2011

In an important step in the protracted peace process, the chain-of-command of the UCPN (Maoist)’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was handed over to the Army Integration Special Committee (AISC) amid a grand ceremony organised at the Shaktikhor cantonment site in Chitwan on Saturday.

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‘Expectations were greater than mandate’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 15, 2011

Karin Landgren, Representative of the UN Secretary General, is leaving Nepal on Jan 16 after two-and-a-half years in Nepal as the head of the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN). Before her appointment as the Chief of UNMIN on Feb 3, 2009, she was the deputy special representative of the Secretary General in Nepal from September 2008.

As the 54-year old former adjunct professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs is heading for Burundi next week to take up her new responsibility as the Special Representative of the Secretary General in Burundi, Republica’s Kiran Chapagain talked to her about her views on UNMIN’s stay in Nepal for four years, her experience in Nepal, issues related to the UN mission and the peace process. Excerpts:

How will UNMIN’s exit impact the peace process?

We should look at the immediate short-term impact and the potentially longer-term impact. In the short-term, as the Secretary General said in his latest report, the timing and conditions of UNMIN’s departure are not the best. The parties have not come to fresh agreements on monitoring yet. And the monitoring task is not, objectively, finished. The task of integrating and rehabilitating the Maoist army has not progressed. The promised actions in the Nepal Army (NA) [democratization and right sizing] too have not taken place.  Read the rest of this entry »

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UN HQ will monitor Nepal peace proces from New York: Pascoe tells media

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 5, 2010

Having failed in its responsibility to properly support peace process while being in Nepal, United Nations’ political mission, UNMIN, established by Security Council resolution 1740 on 23 January 2007, one of the high ranking UN official who was in town recently told journalists before his departure that the United Nation will monitor Nepal’s peace process from New York after its tenure expires in six weeks time.

So distance monitoring will begin shortly.

The UN under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs B. Lynn Pascoe told journalists, “As you know, the United Nations has made a major effort for the Nepali peace process. We have been working with Nepal for many years on this. We have made a major investment in it. And, we will continue to work closely with Nepal as the process moves forward.

“The UN, of course, is in no way abandoning Nepal just because UNMIN is leaving. We have been deeply involved here. All of the UN agencies and the country team are deeply committed to helping Nepal’s development, and we will continue our interest in the political process”, said the UN official.

Pascoe’s inner frustration. Read the rest of this entry »

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Pascoe urges for seriousness to pilot peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 4, 2010



The UN Under Secretary General for Political Affairs, B. Lynn Pascoe has urged to move ahead seriously on part of the political parties to make compromises and agreements to take the peace process to a logical conclusion.

Emerging from the meeting with Nepali Congress President Sushil Koirala at the latter’s residence in Maharajgunj on Saturday morning, Pascoe said the discussion ended on a friendly note and informed that he stressed on the need to use the outcomes of the peace process more effectively.

He also expressed his hope that the peace process will take its momentum even after the exit of United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN).

It has been reported that NC President Koirala opined that he is also willing to see army integration and conclusion to the peace process prior to UNMIN exit. Read the rest of this entry »

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UNMIN chief claims peace is progressing

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 23, 2010


KATHMANDU: United Nations Mission in Nepal Chief Karin Landgren says the present peace process in Nepal hasmade progress in the past 10 days. ‘I am pleased to hightlight today the significant developments in the peace process of the past 10 days, the four-point agreement, the so-called “gentlemen’s agreement” and the resumption of the work of the Special Committee,” she says in a press conference organised by the mission.

“While there was indeep a sense of relief that an agreement had been reached, the challenge of implementation is now in the hands of the parties,” the UNMIN chief said.

Landgren, quoting the United Nations Secretary General as saying, called on the parties to invest greater effort in serious and sustained political dialogue, saying that the choice between continued inertia and fresh momemtum lies is the hands of the national leadership.

“In my briefging to the Security Countil on Sept. 7, I reported that there had not been any real progress in the peace process for much of 2010 that the parties were paying insufficient attention to the process and on the unfounded criticism of UNMIN’s work.”

“The reference to a new duly formed governmetn did not question the legitimacy of this government, merely reflected the ongoing elections to form a new government in due course,” he said.

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