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Posts Tagged ‘WikiLeaks Nepal Document’

‘Kissinger Cables’ Offer Window Into Indian Politics of the 1970s

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 9, 2013

By NEHA THIRANI BAGRI
Indira Gandhi, then Indian prime minister, at the site of India's first underground nuclear test in Pokhran, Rajasthan, in Dec. 1974.ReutersIndira Gandhi, then Indian prime minister, at the site of India’s first underground nuclear test in Pokhran, Rajasthan, in Dec. 1974.
09Fir12-13.qxp

The “Kissinger Cables,” a collection of U.S. diplomatic cables released on Monday by WikiLeaks, contain some fascinating revelations about the political scenario in India in the 1970s. Here are the five great insights about India in the WikiLeaks release:

India’s first nuclear test was possibly motivated by political considerations:

According to this cable, sent from New Delhi to the Department of State, India’s first nuclear test on May 18, 1974, was motivated by domestic politics. The cable says that the nuclear test had been done at a time when the Indian government was tackling an economic slowdown, increasing discontent and rising political unrest.

“We are inclined to believe that this general domestic gloom and uncertainty weighed significantly in the balance of India’s nuclear decision,” reads the cable sent on the date of the nuclear test. “The need for a psychological boost, the hope of recreated atmosphere of exhilaration and nationalism that swept the country after 1971 – contrary to our earlier expectation – may have tipped the scales.” Read the rest of this entry »

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American Diplomatic Cable: Moriarty Meets Girija Prasad Koirala, Complains Against Home Minister Sitaula

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 7, 2011

2006-06-05 12:02

S E C R E T KATHMANDU 001432

SIPDIS

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/05/2016
TAGS: PREL PGOV PTER IN NP
SUBJECT: PRIME MINISTER BRIEFS AMBASSADOR ON UPCOMING NEW
DELHI VISIT

Classified By: AMBASSADOR JAMES F. MORIARTY, REASONS 1.4 (B/D).

Summary
——-

1. (S/NF) Ambassador Moriarty, accompanied by A/DCM Schwartz met June 5 with Prime Minister G.P Koirala and Senior Foreign Policy Adviser Chalise on the eve of the Prime Minister,s upcoming visit to New Delhi. Although press accounts have speculated that the trip will focus on economic and trade matters, the Prime Minister immediately volunteered that he had only one goal for his visit ) to obtain Government of India (GoI) consent to participation of a “witness” in the Nepal peace process. Gaunt and repeatedly coughing, the Prime Minister asked the Ambassador to inform Washington of his
desire to firmly draw the Maoists into the peace process, while foreclosing Maoist military threats and  containing potentially recalcitrant Nepal Army (NA) elements by engaging a credible and independent group of foreign witnesses, preferably including India and the United Nations. End Summary.

Traveling With a “Heavy Heart”
——————————

2. (S/NF) Ambassador Moriarty opened the meeting by delivering the signed original of President Bush,s letter of congratulations to Prime Minister Koirala, which the latter received with gratitude. The Prime Minister immediately
opened with his planned June 6 ) 9 travel to New Delhi ) travel he is undertaking with a “heavy heart,” because of his
very strong desire to travel to Bangkok for medical treatment. His health, he said, was “terrible.” Nevertheless, the Prime Minister revealed that he is going to New Delhi with a sense of urgency to press the case for India to agree to having a credible “witness” in Nepal,s peace process. Prime Minister Singh, he believes, is a “reasonable and sensible” man who will see the value of India supporting this important role ) not as a mediator or facilitator. If the GoI were reluctant, he warned, he would up the ante by asking the Maoists to issue a public statement in favor of having the talks “witnessed.” Read the rest of this entry »

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American Diplomatic Cable: Fear of Royal Coup when Nepal Was About to Limit King’s Power in 2006

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on September 7, 2011

2006-05-18 11:49

C O N F I D E N T I A L KATHMANDU 001267

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/18/2016
TAGS: PGOV PTER MASS NP
SUBJECT: POWER PLAY TO WATER DOWN PROCLAMATION FAILS

REF: A. KATHMANDU 1262

¶B. NEW DELHI 3433

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty, Reasons, 1.4 (b/d).

Summary
——-

1. (C) Just a few hours before the Prime Minister’s planned May 18 3:00 pm proclamation to limit the King’s power and place the army under civilian control, rumors swirled around Kathmandu that the Army and the King were planning a
preemptive coup. The leaders of two of Nepal’s biggest parties, Nepali Congress-Democratic (NC-D) and CPN-UML, told us Indian Defense Minister Mukherjee had separately called them May 17 to ask Parliament to go slowly in changing the
King’s role vis-a-vis the Army. Chief of Army Staff General Thapa told the Ambassador that on the morning of May 18 he had met with the Prime Minister and urged caution, saying he was unsure of his troops’ reaction if the government appeared to be acting vindictively toward the King. The Prime Minister had rejected General Thapa’s request to postpone the proclamation. At the end of the day, the PM withstood the pressure and power play and issued the proclamation as
drafted – putting the King in a box and the army under the new civilian government’s control (septel). End Summary.

King and Army Planning A Coup?
——————————

2. (C) Just after noon on May 18, NC-D President and former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba called the Ambassador to inform him that he had heard rumors the King and Army were planning a coup at 2:00 pm to preempt the Prime Minister’s 3:00 pm proclamation, which was expected to rein in the King’s powers and place the Army under the control of the civilian government. Deuba noted that the Crown Prince’s children were pulled out of school early. (We subsequently heard that many Kathmandu schools closed early as a precautionary measure to a possible volatile reaction to the expected proclamation on the part of extremists.) Emboffs’ contacts said that the Army had not moved to stand-by status, although some, including Indian Embassy colleagues, had also heard coup rumors. The Indian Defense Attache told us that he had recently heard of a plan formulated one week ago.

Indian Defense Minister Asks Parties to Go Slowly Read the rest of this entry »

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Def. Secretary defends Lankan policies with Blake

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on May 11, 2011

(May 10, New Delhi, Sri Lanka Guardian) 

Blake warned that Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), which has used Nepal and Bangladesh as staging posts to attack India, could next turn to Sri Lanka. Rajapaksa related that the GSL had arrested two men transiting Sri Lanka to Nepal based on information provided by India´s Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). The GSL has since turned them over to RAW. Rajapaksa noted that the GSL has assigned separate officers to watch for extremists. A/S Blake suggested that the GSL exchange further information about LTTE networks with U.S. counter-terrorism experts. 
——————–
E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/08/2019 TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PREF, PHUM, PTER, EAID, MOPS, CE
SUBJECT: DEFENSE SECRETARY DEFENDS SRI LANKAN POLICIES WITH A/S BLAKE
COLOMBO 00001159 001.8 OF 003
Classified By: DCM VALERIE FOWLER. REASONS: 1.4 (B, D)
1. (C) SUMMARY: In a December 8 meeting with A/S Blake, Sri Lankan Defense Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa discussed accountability and reconciliation; the State of Emergency; disarmament of ex-combatants and paramilitary groups; reconstruction in the North; rehabilitation of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ex-combatants; LTTE child soldiers; access to LTTE ex-combatants for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); potential Sri Lankan contributions to peacekeeping operations and to U.S.-led coalition efforts, and Sri Lankan military expansion plans. A/S Blake noted that ICRC access to LTTE ex-combatants and GSL action to hold members of the military accountable for any human rights abuses or possibly war crimes would be important for the normalization of our military-to-military relations. END SUMMARY.
ACCOUNTABILITY AND RECONCILIATION ———————————
2. (C) A/S Blake emphasized American and international expectations and concerns about accountability and reconciliation, and urged the GSL to make every effort to show it had investigated and when appropriate held accountable members of the military alleged to have committed human rights abuses or war crimes. Rajapaksa asserted that the military was taking action, and — in response to A/S Blake´s request — agreed to provide the United States with a copy of the Ministry of Defense´s input into the GSL response to the European Union´s Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)-Plus report. (NOTE: The Embassy subsequently received a copy of the “Observations of the Government of Sri Lanka in respect of the ´Report on the Findings of the Investigation with Respect to the Effective Implementation of certain human rights Conventions in Sri Lanka´.” The Observations were essentially a narrative defense of the GSL position, appeared to have little input from the Ministry of Defense, and contained no statistics on military investigations of potential criminal acts. The Embassy has continued to try to get the report on military investigations that the Defense Secretary promised to A/S Blake, as well as to Ambassador Butenis, but thus far has been unsuccessful. END NOTE.)
SECURITY AND RECONSTRUCTION —————————- Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: WikiLeaks reveals US intervention against peace process

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on April 4, 2011

Maoist activist.

Secret US diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks on March 15 show that former US ambassador to Nepal, James Moriarty, actively sought to destabilise Nepal’s peace process in order to prevent a Maoist rise to power.

The Maoist-led People’s Liberation Army waged a decade-long “people’s war” against Nepal’s centuries-old feudal monarchy. A people’s uprising in 2006 brought the monarchy down, opening the way for an elected constituent assembly in 2008.

The Maoists won the largest number of seats. After the government led by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) was overturned by a soft coup led by top generals in 2009, the constitutional process was blocked.

A peace process was established as part of a democratic transformation. But it has been frustrated by the old elite, especially by the top ranks of the royalist Nepalese Army.

The cables reveal Moriarty as a bitter man, utterly convinced that the peace process endorsed by the Maoists in 2006 was a temporary ploy to help them advance their revolutionary agenda.

They show how determined he was to block that process.

One key cable was dated September 22, 2006. The monarchy had just been toppled in a huge popular uprising, during which the Maoist revolutionaries and the more mainstream and conservative political parties united to bring down the dictatorial king. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks: Leaked cables on Nepal dwell on Maoists‚ Indo-Nepal ties

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 16, 2011

By Keshav Koirala

KATHMANDU: The whistle blower website WikiLeaks on Tuesday published several US diplomatic cables generated from the US missions in Nepal, India and Sri Lanka.

The new leak includes four cables sent by the U.S. Embassy in Kathmandu from 2003 to 2007, with three of them centring on the Maoists who launched an armed insurgency in the country. All the cables were categorised as secret and addressed to U.S. Secretary of State.

Sent on September 25, 2003, the first missive was prepared by the then Ambassador, Michael E. Malinowski, and dwelt on the Nepal-India bilateral security cooperation in the pretext of Maoist insurgency in Nepal.

In the second cable dated December 13, 2003, the US Ambassador wrote that he relayed concerns about the activities of Indian intelligence agents in Kathmandu who were apparently “characterising USG policy and motives in Nepal as malevolently aimed at undermining Nepal’s sovereignty.”

In the September 22, 2006 cable, Ambassador James Moriarty wrote that Nepal was being through a crunch time with the Maoists trying to get in the power through “bluff” despite having “relatively little popular support” and no military capability “to take on the government’s security services in an open fight” while they were in the talks tables. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks: 5730: US-Indian cooperation and military assistance to Nepal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 16, 2011

5730 2/14/2003 5:16 03KATHMANDU 280 Embassy Kathmandu SECRET//NOFORN 02 NEWDELHI6938|03 NEWDELHI 267|03NEWDELHI641 “This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.” “S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 04 KATHMANDU 000280

SIPDIS

NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/13/2013 TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PTER, IN, NP, India Relations SUBJECT: US-INDIAN COOPERATION AND MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO NEPAL

REF: A. A. 02 NEW DELHI 6938 B. B. NEW DELHI 267 C. C. NEW DELHI 641

Classified By: DEPUTY CHIEF OF MISSION ROBERT K. BOGGS. REASONS: 1.5 (B AND D)

1. (C) Summary: US security assistance to Nepal has brought the ancillary advantage to the US of providing a new arena for fruitful US-Indian dialogue and collaboration. Top Indian diplomats in Kathmandu clearly appreciate not only US support for common US-Indian security objectives in Nepal, but also the unprecedented frequency and candor of our bilateral discussions of Nepal-related issues. Indian military intelligence officers in Kathmandu, however, are openly and persistently uncomfortable with US sales of lethal equipment — and M16s in particular — to the Royal Nepal Army. The following describes a recent discussion with Indian civilian and military officers that provides some insights into varied Indian attitudes toward US security policy here. Embassy Kathmandu remains convinced that US and UK arms sales to Nepal — although modest in quantity and basic in technology — have played a disproportionately influential role in persuading Maoist leaders to agree to a cease-fire and negotiations with the Government of Nepal (GON). We believe our security assistance policy remains valid, and that it offers a continuing opportunity to reinforce growing US-Indian mil-mil cooperation and engender greater bilateral confidence. Positive Indian involvement clearly is key to any longer-term resolution of Nepal’s political and security problems, so it is important that US diplomacy with India accelerate along with our security assistance to this beleaguered kingdom. End summary. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks Nepal Document:In Nepal, ‘India’s Frankenstein’s monster’

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 15, 2011

P. Sainath

MUMBAI: “New Delhi seems oblivious to how close the Maoists are getting to victory here. That makes sense: New Delhi godfathered the working relationship between the Maoists and the Parties and doesn’t want to acknowledge that it might have created a Frankenstein’s monster. Moreover, India’s Marxist party (a key supporter of the governing coalition) has proclaimed that everything here is going just fine. In that context, I hope that a discussion on Nepal will feature prominently in future conversations with senior Indian leaders.”

That was James F. Moriarty, U.S. Ambassador to Nepal, writing home to the State Department, in his cable headlined “Crunch time in Nepal?,” dated September 22, 2006 (79370: secret/ noforn).

“We need to do more to keep the Indians in lock step with us,” the cable goes on. “I coordinate closely with my Indian counterpart here and in private he pushes the exact same message I do: that the police need to enforce law and order and that the GoN [Government of Nepal] should not let armed Maoists into an interim government.”

“I was more than a little annoyed to find out, however, that the Indian Embassy had complained to the PM’s office about our training activities with the Nepal Army….” This last one was “the incident” which “underscored the fact that, while worried about current trends, New Delhi seems “oblivious to how close the Maoists are getting to victory here.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks: COMMENTARY-Dampened Tinderbox

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on March 1, 2011

By Ajai Sahni / South Asia Intelligence Review

As repressive regimes of long standing crumble across the Arab world, raising the spectre of anarchy, there is rising concern among leaderships in South Asia that the ‘jasmine revolution’ may waft across parts of this long troubled region as well. 

On many counts, South Asia is a tinderbox. As in the Arab world, demography is a rising concern. With some of the highest population densities in the world, the regional giants India, Pakistan and Bangladesh alone will add at least 226 million people to their combined 2010 population of about 1.52 billion in just a decade (on a ‘medium variant projection), bringing unsustainable pressure on already stressed resources and the environment. Between 35 and 45 per cent of the populations in these countries subsist below fairly modestly defined poverty lines.

Administrations in these countries have failed to accommodate a burgeoning ‘youth bulge’, with over 20 per cent of their populations in the volatile 15-24 years age group. Corruption, collusion, ineptitude and crippling deficits in capacities for governance have kept alive, and often compounded, violent movements of political dissent, even as the state demonstrates significant evidence of withering away across vast territories.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks Nepal Document: Gachchhadar offered bribe to PAC member to approve aircraft deal

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 4, 2011

A US diplomatic cable leaked recently by Wikileaks has revealed that influential Nepali politicians including Deputy Prime Minister and chairman of Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (Loktantrik) were actively lobbying for either Airbus or Boeing while making decision to purchase two new aircraft for the national flag carrier Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC).

Date 2010-02-24 12:46:00

Source Embassy Kathmandu

Classification CONFIDENTIAL

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 KATHMANDU 000163

SIPDIS
SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/23/2020
TAGS: PGOV, ECON, EAIR, PREL, NP
SUBJECT: NEPAL: AIRBUS DEAL IN TROUBLE, EU LOBBIES HARD

REF: 09 KATHMANDU 1046 AND PREVIOUS

Classified By: Charge d’ Affaires, a.i., Donald A. Camp. Reasons 1.4 (b
/d).

1. (C) Summary. The Government of Nepal is unlikely to guarantee the Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) loan to purchase two Airbus aircraft, according to Finance Secretary Khanal, essentially killing the deal and reviving Boeing’s hopes to sell its aircraft to the NAC. The European Union continues to lobby aggressively for Airbus, most recently by sending a strongly-worded letter to the Prime Minister urging him to complete the Airbus purchase immediately (full text in para 8). End Summary. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks Nepal Document: India lacks gumption

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 29, 2010

New Delhi’s willing-to-wound-afraid-to-strike attitude towards Beijing doesn’t suggest a robust candidate for the world’s high table

A recent lunch at one of our Raj Bhavans exposed an anomaly that might be more than ceremonial. When the Rajyapal ushered in the Dalai Lama, all of us dutifully stood up for Jana Mana Gana. Listening to the familiar strains, I wondered what the Tibetan national anthem which I expected to follow sounded like. But lo and behold! no Tibetan national anthem was played. India’s anthem over, we formed a line to be received by His Holiness.

This intriguing breach of protocol reflected a confusion that, one hopes, will be cleared in the New Year. It indicated an anomalous self-view and an inability to shape a realistic foreign policy to realise India’s national aims. The routine was especially curious because a senior official from New Delhi had told me earlier that the Dalai Lama enjoys the status of a visiting head of state. If so, his national anthem should have been played immediately after the host country’s. That norm is followed at national day celebrations in New Delhi and State capitals.  Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks Nepal Document: Imagine no secrets

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 29, 2010

As the first decade of the 21st century comes to a close, WikiLeaks, which made public hundreds of thousands of US government secrets, will undoubtedly go down as one of the most important events of the decade to have an impact on the conduct of diplomacy; not only by the US, but by all other countries.

The leaks that chronicle various cables sent by US diplomats to their bosses in Washington, DC have also touched Nepal. One of the cables sent to the State Department is said to have mentioned that China was paying the Nepal Police to nab Tibetans supposedly fleeing Chinese rule in Tibet.

(Will the the Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority ever care to investigate this grave allegation against one of Nepal’s premier security agencies?

For the allegation is not against individual police officials but against the police institution of the country which should at all times remain corruption-free even if some police personnel from the highest to the lowest ranking are corrupt.

If any security agency – army, police or intelligence – can be bought with money, and foreign money at that, we can well imagine the future fate of our country. Read the rest of this entry »

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Wikileaks: WikiLeaks exposes China’s tenuous hold on Tibet new

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 18, 2010

China’s pompous claims of suzerainty over Tibet have been exposed by a WikiLeaks cable that has the US ambassador to New Delhi reporting on the arrival of refugees from that occupied territory.

The brief report reveals that the flow of refugees did slow down in the period 2008-09, post the communist regime’s 2008 crackdown after intense protests flared up across the length and breadth of Tibet, but has picked up once again in 2010.

US Embassy Cable:

”Update on Tibetan Refugee Flow Read the rest of this entry »

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WikiLeaks Nepal Document: UN chief to appoint Haiti cholera panel

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 18, 2010

An expert scientific panel will be appointed to investigate the origin of the cholera outbreak in Haiti, says the United

UN Secretary General Ban ki-Moon touched on a wide range of subjects including Haiti, WikiLeaks and the Ivory Coast elections in a year-end speech in New York on Friday. (Associated Press) Read more: http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2010/12/17/un-ban-speech017.html#ixzz18Q9qOHL9

Nations secretary general.

Details of the independent panel, which will include world-renowned microbiologists and epidemiologists, among others, will be rolled out as soon as possible, Ban Ki-moon told reporters in New York on Friday in his year-end speech.

“We want to make the best efforts to get to the bottom of this outbreak and get the answers the people of Haiti deserve.”

Since it emerged in late October, the disease has spread throughout much of Haiti, killing 2,535 people and sickening 114,497more. The UN says up to 650,000 people in Haiti could get cholera over the next six months.

There is widespread belief in Haiti that UN peacekeepers from Nepal are the source of the disease. A French epidemiologist, who studied the outbreak on behalf of the Haitian and French governments, came to the same conclusion.

In his wide-ranging speech Ban also touched on the recent elections in the Ivory Coast. Ban said Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo must step down and hand power over to opposition leader Alassane Ouattara. Read the rest of this entry »

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WikiLeaks: Nepal Document 5

Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on December 5, 2010

Indian envoy sought US help against China

NEW DELHI: Wikileaks has confirmed what everyone knew: that China’s aggressiveness is losing it friends and influence faster than it can count.

US ambassador to Beijing Jon Huntsman reported back to Washington in cables made public by Wikileaks that countries like Japan and India had expressed concern about China’s behaviour.

In his February 2010 report, which he titled `Stomp around and carry a small stick: China’s new global assertiveness raises hackles, but has more form than substance’, Huntsman said, “Numerous third-country diplomats have complained to us that dealing with China has become more difficult in the past year.”

In his cables, the US ambassador quoted several of his counterparts, particularly from Japan and India. S Jaishankar, the Indian ambassador to Beijing, was quoted requesting closer cooperation with the US because of “China’s more aggressive approach”.

It was in November 2009 that US President Barack Obama signed a joint statement with China that sent every Indian diplomat protesting against what Delhi saw as a ganging up against it. Singh protested in person to Obama a few weeks later in Washington. The joint statement said, the two countries would “work together to promote peace, stability and development in that ( South Asia) region”.  Read the rest of this entry »

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